Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology

Mission Statement

The mission of the department is to conduct outstanding research and provide exceptional educational experiences in a collegial, diverse, and inclusive environment. At the same time, we transform academic experiences from classroom to careers by merging scholarly activities with practical skills in translational science, vaccine development, microbial pathogenesis, and immunology. 

The Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology holds to the core values of integrity in academic studies and research; respect, diversity, and inclusion; responsibility and accountability; and fostering a culture of community and communication. 

General Information

The Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology connects outstanding research programs to the academic mission of preparing students for professional careers in microbiology and immunology, medical and public health service fields, education, research, and industry.  The Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology is committed to providing students with foundations to link their educational experience to basic and translational biomedical research activities built by department faculty with expertise in the areas of vaccine development, microbial pathogenesis, and mechanisms of immune dysregulation in health and disease.

Degrees

The Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology offers a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Microbiology and Immunology. The program of study is structured around a comprehensive core curriculum that includes upper-division level course work designed to achieve a deeper knowledge, understanding, and experience in several specialized areas of microbiology and immunology.

Health Careers Pathways

The Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology offers programs that supports students interested in pursuing professional or graduate programs in health-related professions (e.g., the Medical Laboratory Science Early Acceptance Program-MSLEAP, a partnership program between UTSA and UT-Health San Antonio that allows undergraduate students to earn a B.S. degree from UTSA and a Master of Science in Medical Laboratory Sciences from UT-Health, and medical, pharmacy, and veterinarian among others). See the Degrees page for more information. Students can also visit the UTSA Health Professions office for more information.

Sophomore Biology Research Initiative (SBRI)

The Sophomore Biology Research Initiative offers eligible second-year students to engage in authentic research with faculty and graduate students while earning academic credit. The opportunity to be part of the SBRI is limited, students should register early. See the Degrees page for more information about SBRI.

Bachelor of Science Degree in Microbiology and Immunology

The Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Microbiology and Immunology is designed to prepare students for careers in the medical/health professions and service fields, research, education, and industry. The minimum number of semester credit hours required for degree, including the Core Curriculum requirements, is 120. Thirty-nine (39) of the total semester credit hours required for the degree must be at the upper-division level (3000-4000). All major and support work courses and the required prerequisites must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

Due to extensive curriculum overlap, students must choose between a B.S. in Biology or a B.S. in Microbiology and Immunology. All candidates for this degree must fulfill the Core Curriculum requirements and the degree requirements, which are listed below.

Educational Objectives

Graduates with a B.S. in Microbiology and Immunology will be able to:

  • Understand the foundations of host-pathogen interactions and immune-related diseases.
  • Understand how to relate core methods of microbiology and immunology into the science of vaccine development, microbial pathogenesis, and human disease.
  • Apply microbiology and immunology knowledge to solve current health problems.
  • Effectively communicate microbiology- and immunology-related methods and results in written and oral form.

Sophomore Biology Research Initiative

In the sophomore year, students can either take the required Molecular Genetics Laboratory (BIO 2362)  and Molecular Biochemistry Laboratory (BIO 3362)  or participate in the Sophomore Biology Research Initiative (SBRI). Through SBRI, students working in teams will conduct their own research projects on a specific biological problem over two semesters. Several different research topics will be available to choose from. There will be approximately two hours of lecture/lab meeting and six hours of lab work per week. Students will receive credit for BIO 2362  and BIO 3362 and be concurrently enrolled in three semester credit hours of Independent Study to reflect the additional hours required to complete their research. Students will present their final data in poster format at an organized symposium.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the B.S. Degree in Microbiology and Immunology must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. The courses listed below satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements; however, if these courses are taken to satisfy both requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

MAT 1193 may be used to satisfy the core requirement in Mathematics as well as a major requirement. Two of the following courses may be used to satisfy the core requirement in Life and Physical Sciences, as well as major requirements: BIO 1203BIO 1223PHY 1943 or PHY 1963.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Inquiry and Scholarship3
AIS 1213AIS: Architecture, Construction, and Planning3
AIS 1223AIS: Arts and Humanities3
AIS 1233AIS: Business3
AIS 1243AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences3
AIS 1253AIS: Interdisciplinary Education3
AIS 1263AIS: Life and Health Sciences3
AIS 1273AIS: Social Sciences and Public Policy3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications3
MAT 1043Introduction to Mathematics3
MAT 1053Mathematics for Business3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers3
MAT 1093Precalculus3
MAT 1133Calculus for Business3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
STA 1053Basic Statistics3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System3
BIO 1203Biosciences I for Science Majors3
BIO 1223Biosciences II for Science Majors3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II3
CHE 1083Introduction to the Molecular Structure of Matter3
CHE 1093Introduction to Molecular Transformations3
ES 1113Environmental Botany3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology3
ES 1213Environmental Geology3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II3
GEO 1013The Third Planet3
GEO 1033Geology of North American National Parks3
GEO 1123Life Through Time3
GES 2613Intro to Physical Geography3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment3
ARC 2423Global History of Architecture and Urbanism: Renaissance to 19th Century3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature3
ENG 2023Literature and Film3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
ENG 2443Persuasion and Rhetoric3
FRN 1014Elementary French I4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GES 1023World Regions & Global Change3
GLA 1013US in Global Context3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicano(a) Studies3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking3
PHI 2013Basic Philosophical Problems3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WGSS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WGSS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Art History I3
AHC 1123Art History II3
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ARC 2413Global History of Architecture and Urbanism: Prehistory to Medieval3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts3
BBL 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II3
HUM 2053History of Film3
MAS 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2633American Roots Music3
MUS 2653Music in Culture3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Rock3
MUS 2683History and Styles of Western Art Music3
MUS 2713History of Recorded Music3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present3
HIS 2053Texas History3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society3
BBL 2243Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools: National and Transnational Experiences3
BIO 1033Drugs and Society3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
ES 1003Survey Topics in Environmental Studies3
GES 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GES 2623Human Geography: People, Place, Culture3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 2013Social Problems3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional Core Curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core component area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking3
EGR 1403Technical Communication3
ENG 2413Technical Writing3
PAD 1113Public Administration and Policy in American Society3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Gateway Courses

Students pursuing the B.S. Degree in Microbiology and Immunology must successfully complete each of the following Gateway Courses with a grade of “C-” or better in no more than two attempts. A student who is unable to successfully complete these courses within two attempts, including dropping a course with a grade of “W” or taking an equivalent course at another institution, will be required to change his or her major.

BIO 1203Biosciences I for Science Majors3
BIO 1223Biosciences II for Science Majors3
BIO 2313Genetics

Degree Requirements

A. Required major courses
1. Required biology courses (27 credit hours):
BIO 1203
BIO 1201
Biosciences I for Science Majors
and Biosciences I Laboratory for Science Majors
4
BIO 1223
BIO 1221
Biosciences II for Science Majors
and Biosciences II Laboratory for Science Majors
4
BIO 2313Genetics3
BIO 3513Biochemistry3
NDRB 3813Cell Biology3
MMI 3713
MMI 3722
Microbiology
and Microbiology Laboratory
5
MMI 4743
MMI 4752
Immunology
and Immunology Laboratory
5
2. One of the following laboratory options (4-7 credit hours):4-7
Option 1 Standard Laboratory Classes
Molecular Genetics Laboratory
Molecular Biochemistry Laboratory
Option 2 Sophomore Biology Research Initiative
Molecular Genetics Laboratory
and Independent Study
Molecular Biochemistry Laboratory
and Independent Study
Note: In Laboratory Option 1, students will learn laboratory techniques in standard class setting. In Laboratory Option 2, students will learn laboratory techniques while conducting research on a specific biological problem over two semesters.
3. In combination, 5 courses from the following lists (15 credit hours)15
3a. Complete two to four of the following courses:
Bacteriology
Medical Mycology
Virology
Parasitology
3b. Complete one to three of the following courses:
Introduction to Clinical Medicine and Pathology
Environmental Microbiology
Evolution
Advanced Clinical Medicine and Pathology
Microbial Ecology and Metagenomics
Microbial Genomes and Virulence
Laboratory Research
Special Studies
B. Required support courses
The support courses listed below are mandatory prerequisites for various Microbiology and Immunology and/or Biology courses. Students need to complete their support work as soon as possible, in their freshman and sophomore years, to be eligible to register for upper-division core courses and electives. Failure to complete the support courses listed below in a timely fashion will significantly delay a student's progress toward graduation.
1. Required chemistry courses (18 credit hours):
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHE 1113
CHE 1131
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHE 2603
CHE 2612
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
5
CHE 3643
CHE 3652
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
5
2. Required mathematics and statistics courses (6 credits):
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
STA 1403Probability and Statistics for the Biosciences3
3. Required physics courses; select one option (8 credits):8
Option 1
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
Option 2
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
C. Free electives (6-9 credit hours)6-9
Select 6-9 semester credit hours of free electives, depending on the Laboratory Option chosen under section A2, to complete 120 hours. For students who selected Laboratory Option 1, at least 1 semester credit hour must be at the upper-division level to reach the minimum requirement of 39 upper-division semester credit hours.
Total Credit Hours87

Course Sequence Guide for B.S. Degree in Microbiology and Immunology

B.S. in Microbiology and Immunology – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
BIO 1203
BIO 1201
Biosciences I for Science Majors
and Biosciences I Laboratory for Science Majors (core and major)
4
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
BIO 1223
BIO 1221
Biosciences II for Science Majors
and Biosciences II Laboratory for Science Majors (core and major)
4
CHE 1113
CHE 1131
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
MAT 1193 Calculus for the Biosciences (core and major) 3
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Second Year
Fall
BIO 2313 Genetics 3
Select one of the following Laboratory Options: 2-3
Option 1 Standard Laboratory Class
Molecular Genetics Laboratory
Or
Option 2 Sophomore Biology Research Initiative
Molecular Genetics Laboratory
and Independent Study
CHE 2603
CHE 2612
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
5
Select one of the following: 4
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
Or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core)
 Credit Hours14-15
Spring
Select one of the following Laboratory Options: 2-4
Option 1 Standard Laboratory Class
Molecular Biochemistry Laboratory
Or
Option 2 Sophomore Biology Research Initiative
Molecular Biochemistry Laboratory
and Independent Study
CHE 3643
CHE 3652
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
5
STA 1403 Probability and Statistics for the Biosciences 3
Select one of the following: 4
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
Or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core and major)
 Credit Hours14-16
Third Year
Fall
BIO 3513 Biochemistry 3
MMI 3713 Microbiology 3
MMI 3722 Microbiology Laboratory 2
Upper-Division Microbiology and Immunology elective 3
American History (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
 Credit Hours17
Spring
NDRB 3813 Cell Biology 3
MMI 4743 Immunology 3
MMI 4752 Immunology Laboratory 2
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Upper-division free elective for those choosing Laboratory Option 1. 3-0
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
Upper-division Microbiology and Immunology elective 3
Upper-division Microbiology and Immunology elective 3
Government-Political Science (core) 3
Language, Philosophy, & Culture (core) 3
Free elective 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
Upper-division Microbiology and Immunology elective 3
Upper-division Microbiology and Immunology elective 3
Government-Political Science (core) 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
Free elective (to meet 120 hour minimum) 0-3
 Credit Hours15-12
 Total Credit Hours120

 Note: Some courses are only offered once a year: Fall or Spring. Check with the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology for scheduling of courses.

Molecular Microbiology and Immunology (MMI) Courses

MMI 1053. Introductory Microbiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1203 (Formerly listed as BIO 1404 in previous catalogs); concurrent enrollment in MMI 1061 is recommended for students intending to complete both courses. A general study of microorganisms, their characteristics, isolation, growth, and importance in nature, particularly with regards to public health and human disease. (Formerly BIO 1053. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1053 and MMI 1053. MMI 1053 cannot substitute for MMI 3713.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRS1 $45; STSI $21.

MMI 1061. Introductory Microbiology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: BIO 1233 or BIO 1203 (Formerly listed as BIO 1404 in previous catalogs), and completion of or concurrent enrollment in MMI 1053. Course provides basic microbiology lab skills and procedures, with emphasis on the growth, identification, and control of microbes of concern to health-care professionals. Immunodeficient and pregnant students must contact the Coordinator of the Microbiology Teaching Labs, for additional instructions prior to the class start date. (Formerly BIO 1061. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1061 and MMI 1061. MMI 1061 cannot substitute for MMI 3722.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fees: IUB1 $10; L001 $30; LRS1 $15; STSI $7.

MMI 3013. Introduction to Clinical Medicine and Pathology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 2313. Introduction to concepts of human disease, diagnosis, and underlying pathology. (Formerly BIO 3013. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3013 and MMI 3013.) Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 3323. Evolution. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313. A discussion of theories and possible mechanisms for evolutionary changes at various levels of organization. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 3713. Microbiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1223 (Formerly listed as BIO 1414 in previous catalogs); concurrent enrollment in MMI 3722 is recommended for students intending to complete both courses. A comprehensive study of microorganisms, including their composition, morphology, growth, metabolism, classification, ecology, and significance in disease. MMI 1053 cannot substitute for MMI 3713. (Formerly BIO 3713. Credit cannot be earned for both MMI 3713, BIO 3713, and ES 3103.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 3722. Microbiology Laboratory. (0-4) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 1223 (Formerly known as BIO 1414) and completion of or concurrent enrollment in MMI 3713. Basic microbiology techniques with emphasis on microscopy, cell staining and characterization, species isolation techniques, bacterial cultivation, nutrition, and physical requirements, and the physical and chemical control of microbes. Immunodeficient and pregnant students must contact the Coordinator of the Microbiology Teaching Labs for additional instructions prior to the class start date. (Formerly BIO 3722. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3722 and MMI 3722. BIO 1061 cannot substitute for MMI 3722.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $100. Course Fees: IUB1 $10; L001 $30.

MMI 3743. Bacteriology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and MMI 3713; prior completion of MMI 3722 is also recommended. A study of the phylogeny of prokaryotes, structure and function of prokaryotic cells, ecology and physiological diversity of prokaryotes, growth and control of microorganisms, genetics of bacteria and bacteriophages, bacteria as agents of disease, antibacterials, and other chemotherapeutics, human applications of microbiology, microbial genomics, and principles of microbial biotechnology. (Formerly BIO 3743. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3743 and MMI 3743.) Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4473. Advanced Clinical Medicine and Pathology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: MMI 3013. Advanced concepts of human disease, diagnosis, and underlying pathology. (Formerly BIO 4473. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4473 and MMI 4473.) Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition $150.

MMI 4483. Medical Mycology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: MMI 3713 and MMI 3722. Comprehensive study of causative agents, pathogenesis, and treatment of human fungal diseases. (Formerly BIO 4483. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4483 and MMI 4483.) Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition $150.

MMI 4723. Virology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313, prior completion of BIO 3513 is strongly recommended. Introduction to the molecular, genetic, and biological properties of viruses. Course covers the basic concepts of virus structure, replication, virus/host interactions, pathogenesis, and evolution. Formerly BIO 4723. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4723 and MMI 4723. Generally offered: Fall and Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4743. Immunology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313; concurrent enrollment in MMI 4752 is recommended for students intending to complete both courses. This course introduces students to the molecular, cellular, and genetic principles of innate and adaptive immunity. The course covers the development of B and T lymphocytes, and explains how these components of adaptive immunity function in the contexts of infection by pathogenic microbes, allergic reactions, autoimmunity, transplant rejection, cancer, and vaccination. (Formerly BIO 4743. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4743 and MMI 4743.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4752. Immunology Laboratory. (0-4) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313, BIO 2362 or BIO 2322, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in MMI 4743. Laboratory applications of principles presented in MMI 4743. (Formerly BIO 4752. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4752 and MMI 4752.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $100. Course Fees: IUB1 $10; L001 $30.

MMI 4763. Parasitology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313; prior completion of MMI 3713 is strongly recommended. This course focuses on eukaryotic parasites of medical or veterinary importance: their life cycles, epidemiology, control, and the diseases and pathology they cause. Evolutionary aspects of host-parasite interactions, the diversity of parasite biology, and the interrelationships between parasitology, vector biology, and public health will be emphasized. (Formerly BIO 4763. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4763 and MMI 4763.) Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition $150.

MMI 4773. Microbial Ecology and Metagenomics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and MMI 1053 or MMI 3713. This course will provide an overview of microbial ecology principles and application of microbial ecological approaches to understand microbial structure and function across environments, including the soil, freshwater, and marine environments. The course will focus its content on prokaryotes and fungi. An emphasis in this course will be on learning foundational concepts in microbiome science and applying concepts to laboratory and computational techniques through hands-on experiments. Same as BIO 4773, credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4773 and MMI 4773. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4783. Microbial Genomes and Virulence. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313; prior completion of MMI 3713 is recommended. This course is focused on microbial pathogens of medical importance. Insights into the genome make-up and virulence inventories of pathogens is essential for understanding their biology, epidemiology, human disease, and trajectories of pathogen evolution. Topics covered include the basic concepts of genome sequencing, pathogen-specific virulence traits, and the role of genetic exchange in genome evolution, speciation, fitness, and pathogenicity. (Formerly BIO 4783. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4783 and MMI 4783.) Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition $150.

MMI 4911. Independent Study. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available in the MMI office) from the instructor, an undergraduate academic advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree regardless of discipline. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 3043, MMI 4911-3, MMI 4923, and MMI 4993, in any combination, can be taken as MMI electives. Additional research hours of these courses (excluding Independent Study) may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $50.

MMI 4912. Independent Study. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available in the MMI office) from the instructor, an undergraduate academic advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree regardless of discipline. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 3043, MMI 4911-2, MMI 4923, and MMI 4993, in any combination, can be taken as MMI electives. Additional research hours of these courses (excluding Independent Study) may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $100.

MMI 4913. Independent Study. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available in the MMI office) from the instructor, an undergraduate academic advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree regardless of discipline. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 3043, MMI 4911-3, MMI 4923, and MMI 4993, in any combination, can be taken as MMI electives. Additional research hours of these courses (excluding Independent Study) may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4923. Laboratory Research. (0-6) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available in the MMI Department Office) from the faculty mentor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College. Supervised laboratory research mentored by a faculty member engaged in active research within the student’s designated area of concentration. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 3043, BIO 4911-3, MMI 4923, and MMI 4993, in any combination, can be taken as MMI electives. Additional research hours of these courses (excluding Independent Study) may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4953. Special Studies. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree regardless of discipline. No more than 6 semester hours of MMI 2953, MMI 4951, or MMI 4953 can be applied to a B.S. degree in MMI. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

MMI 4993. Honors Research. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Enrollment limited to Microbiology and Immunology majors who are members of the Honors College or who are pursuing College of Sciences Honors, and who are in their last two semesters of study. Approval by the Honors College or College Honors Committee is required. This course requires supervised research and preparation of an Honors Thesis. May be repeated for credit with approval, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree regardless of discipline. Only 6 semester credit hours of MMI 4911-3, MMI 4923, and MMI 4993, in any combination, can be taken as MMI electives. Additional research hours of these courses (excluding Independent Study) may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.