Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Mission Statement

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences is dedicated to advancing scientific knowledge in geosciences, especially in General Geology, Earth System and Climate, Environmental Geoscience, and Water Science.  The Department finds solutions to complex multi-disciplinary problems involving Earth and Planetary sciences.

General Information

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at The University of Texas at San Antonio has academic expertise, research excellence, and student success across the fields of earth sciences, environmental geosciences, geoinformatics, and planetary sciences. Our research laboratories and facilities provide both undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to learn, participate, and acquire skills in areas of geosciences. These include Chemical Hydrology and Mass Spectrometry Lab, Computational and GIS Labs (two), Hydrogeology Facility, Heat and Mass Transfer & Experimental Rheology Lab, Micropaleo and Stratigraphy Facility, Ocean Science Lab, Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics Lab, River Science Lab, Rock Preparation Facility, Sedimentary Geology and Mineralogy Lab, Snow and Ice Geophysics Lab. The department faculty also leads two university-wide collaborative Center/Institute: NASA MIRO Center for Advanced Measurements in Extreme Environments (CAMEE) and Institute for Water Research, Sustainability and Policy (IWRSP). 

Degrees

The Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in geosciences and for successful studies in graduate school. The B.S. degree in Geosciences requires 120 credit hours: 42 credit hours of university core, 35 hours of required GEO courses, and 23 hours of support courses (9 hours of coursework is part of the university core), and 29 hours of coursework (18 hours required and 11 hours of free electives) in focus track areas: 

  • General Geology 
  • Earth System and Climate
  • Environmental Geoscience
  • Water Science 

The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in fields such as earth science education, law, insurance, financial services, energy business, and environmental management. B.A. degree in Geosciences requires 120 credit hours, at least 39 hours of which must be at the upper-division level: 42 credit hours of university core, 34 hours of required GEO courses, and 19 hours of support courses (9 hours of course work is part of the university core), 16 hours of Geosciences (GEO) electives, and 18 hours of free electives.

The Department also offers a Minor in Geology and a Certificate in Geographic Information System. The department also participates in the Multidisciplinary Studies in Geoinformatics B.S. degree program. Completion of a basic science curriculum allows students to apply for entry into one of several highly specialized areas in geosciences and/or environmental science.

Educational Objectives

Upon graduation, students in a Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences program will be able to:

  • Create topographic, geologic, and digital maps in both field and laboratory settings (Mapping).
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Earth structures (from deep to superficial envelopes), and the effect of plate tectonics on crustal-scale Earth structures and climate, by creating stratigraphic sections and subsurface diagrams from preexisting maps and subsurface data (Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics)
  • Identify common Earth materials including rocks, rock-forming minerals, and water resources, as well as the processes and tectonic environments responsible for their formation (Earth Materials)
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Geologic Time Scale, the chronology of life on Earth, and the fundamentals of biologic and geologic evolution through recognition of fossil taxa and creation of biostratigraphic correlations through time (Geologic Time and Earth Evolution)
  • Analyze the effects of climate on earth surface processes, recognize common geomorphic features, and the processes responsible for their formation (Climate and Earth Surface Processes)
  • Understand geological and thermodynamic controls on the petrogenesis of major igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary minerals, and the effect of the mineral chemical composition and stability on igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary, and aqueous processes (Geochemistry)

Bachelor of Science Degree in Geosciences

The Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in the geosciences and for successful studies in graduate school. The program of study focuses on fundamentals and learning skills used by geoscientists in their professional careers. In this degree, students are encouraged to focus on one of the four tracks: General Geology, Earth System and Climate, Environmental Geoscience, and Water Science.

All candidates seeking this degree must fulfill the Core Curriculum requirements and the degree requirements, which are listed below.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the B.S. degree in Geosciences must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. If courses are taken to satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Inquiry and Scholarship3
AIS 1213AIS: Architecture, Construction, and Planning3
AIS 1223AIS: Arts and Humanities3
AIS 1233AIS: Business3
AIS 1243AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences3
AIS 1253AIS: Interdisciplinary Education3
AIS 1263AIS: Life and Health Sciences3
AIS 1273AIS: Social Sciences and Public Policy3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications3
MAT 1043Introduction to Mathematics3
MAT 1053Mathematics for Business3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers3
MAT 1093Precalculus3
MAT 1133Calculus for Business3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
STA 1053Basic Statistics3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System3
BIO 1203Biosciences I for Science Majors3
BIO 1223Biosciences II for Science Majors3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II3
CHE 1083Introduction to the Molecular Structure of Matter3
CHE 1093Introduction to Molecular Transformations3
ES 1113Environmental Botany3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology3
ES 1213Environmental Geology3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II3
GEO 1013The Third Planet3
GEO 1033Geology of North American National Parks3
GEO 1123Life Through Time3
GES 2613Intro to Physical Geography3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment3
ARC 2423Global History of Architecture and Urbanism: Renaissance to 19th Century3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature3
ENG 2023Literature and Film3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
ENG 2443Persuasion and Rhetoric3
FRN 1014Elementary French I4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GES 1023World Regions & Global Change3
GLA 1013US in Global Context3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicano(a) Studies3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking3
PHI 2013Basic Philosophical Problems3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WGSS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WGSS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Art History I3
AHC 1123Art History II3
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ARC 2413Global History of Architecture and Urbanism: Prehistory to Medieval3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts3
BBL 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II3
HUM 2053History of Film3
MAS 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2633American Roots Music3
MUS 2653Music in Culture3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Rock3
MUS 2683History and Styles of Western Art Music3
MUS 2713History of Recorded Music3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present3
HIS 2053Texas History3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society3
BBL 2243Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools: National and Transnational Experiences3
BIO 1033Drugs and Society3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
ES 1003Survey Topics in Environmental Studies3
GES 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GES 2623Human Geography: People, Place, Culture3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 2013Social Problems3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional Core Curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core component area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking3
EGR 1403Technical Communication3
ENG 2413Technical Writing3
PAD 1113Public Administration and Policy in American Society3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Gateway Courses

Students pursuing the B.S. degree in Geosciences must successfully complete each of the following Gateway Courses with a grade of “C-” or better in no more than two attempts. A student who is unable to successfully complete these courses within two attempts, including dropping a course with a grade of “W” or taking an equivalent course at another institution, will be required to change his or her major.

GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory

 Degree Requirements

A. Major courses
1. Required courses (35 hours)
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113Geologic Field Investigations3
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373Geochemistry3
GEO 4001Experiential Learning Experience1
B. Required support courses (23 hours)
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
MAT 1224Calculus II4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
4
Total Credit Hours58

Focus Track Areas

The Department offers four track areas: General Geology, Earth System and Climate, Environmental Geoscience, and Water Science. To declare a track or obtain advice, students should consult an undergraduate academic advisor in the Mathematics and Physical Sciences Advising Center. To receive credit for the track, students must successfully complete all requirements for the B.S. degree along with all courses listed for that track. If not, students will receive a standard B.S. degree in Geosciences.

General Geology (29 hours)

This track focuses on the traditional geology curriculum and for traditional geology careers that include the oil/gas and/or mining industries, as well as graduate school in a variety of fields of earth and planetary sciences, and research/academic careers. Upon graduation, students will have the academic background needed to become state licensed geologists, which is required for management positions in the environmental field in Texas and many other states.

All candidates for the General Geology must complete the following courses:

A. 9 credit hours of required courses:
GEO 2113Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)3
GEO 4933Field Geology Part I3
GEO 4943Field Geology Part II3
B. 9 credit hours of upper-division-level Geosciences electives.9
C. Free Elective Courses (11 credit hours)11
Total Credit Hours29

Earth System and Climate (29 hours)

This track provides students with the technical and conceptual knowledge necessary to address challenges faced by geoscientists dealing with climate-related issues allowing them to partner with policymakers and stakeholders. Completion of this track will alert potential employers to a student’s background in Earth and Climate Systems and enhance opportunities for employment in the areas of environmental policy and planning, environmental consulting, air/water quality monitoring and assessment, laboratory analysis, natural resource management, science education/research, and conservation and environmental protection.

All candidates for the Earth System and Climate must complete the following courses:

A. Required Courses (18 credit hours from the following):18
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Atmospheric Science
Oceanography
Introduction to Earth System Science and Remote Sensing
The Cryosphere
Climate Change
Principles of Remote Sensing
Geomorphology
B. Free Elective Courses (11 credit hours)11
Total Credit Hours29

Environmental Geoscience (29 hours)

This track trains students in chemical and physical aspects of the earth’s environment. Graduates from this track will be well prepared for jobs in the areas of environmental consulting, environmental engineering, water quality monitoring and assessment, with employment opportunities in both private and state/local government sectors. 

All candidates for the Environmental Geosciences must complete the following courses:

A. Required courses (18 credit hours from the following):18
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Oceanography
Introduction to Earth System Science and Remote Sensing
Advanced Environmental Geology
Principles of Remote Sensing
Geomorphology
Geomorphology Laboratory
River Science
Aqueous Geochemistry
Natural Hazards
Field Geology Part I
Field Geology Part II
B. Free Elective Courses (11 credit hours)11
Total Credit Hours29

Water Science (29 hours)

This track provides students with the technical and conceptual background necessary to address challenges faced by water planners and policy makers. Completion of this focus area will alert potential employers to a student’s background in hydrology, water resource, and water quality, and enhance chances for employment in the water sectors, in both private and state/local government sectors.

All candidates for the Water Science must complete the following courses:

A. Required Courses (18 credit hours from the following):18
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Principles of Remote Sensing
Programming and Statistics for GIS
River Science
Aqueous Geochemistry
Hydrogeophysics
Hydrogeophysics Laboratory
Groundwater Hydrogeology
Field Geology Part I
Field Geology Part II
B. Free Elective Courses (11 credit hours)11
Total Credit Hours29

Course Sequence Guides for B.S. Degree in Geosciences

These course sequence guides are designed to assist students in completing their UTSA undergraduate Geosciences degree requirements. These course sequences are only guides and students must satisfy other requirements of this catalog and meet with their academic advisor for individualized degree plans. Progress within these guides depends upon such factors as course availability, individual student academic preparation, student time management, work obligations, and individual financial considerations.

Students may choose to take courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters.

B.S. in Geosciences (General Geology Track) – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory (core and major)
4
MAT 1214 Calculus I (core) 4
 Credit Hours14
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
MAT 1224 Calculus II 4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core)
4
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 2113 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 3
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core)
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Upper-division GEO elective 3
Upper-division GEO elective 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
POL 1133
Texas Politics and Society (core)
or Civil Rights in Texas and America
3
Upper-division GEO elective 3
 Credit Hours14
Summer
GEO 4933 Field Geology Part I 3
GEO 4943 Field Geology Part II 3
 Credit Hours6
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours13
Spring
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 2
 Credit Hours14
 Total Credit Hours120

B.S. in Geosciences (Earth System and Climate Track) – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory 1
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory (core and major)
4
MAT 1214 Calculus I (core and major) 4
 Credit Hours14
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
MAT 1224 Calculus II 4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core and major)
4
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core and major)
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
Required track course 3
 Credit Hours14
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
Required Track Course 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
POL 1133
Texas Politics and Society (core)
or Civil Rights in Texas and America
3
Required Track Course 3
Required Track Course 3
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 2
 Credit Hours14
 Total Credit Hours120

B.S. in Geosciences (Environmental Geoscience Track) – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1111
Life Through Time
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
MAT 1214 Calculus I (core) 4
 Credit Hours14
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
MAT 1224 Calculus II 4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core)
4
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core)
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
 Credit Hours14
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
Required Track Course 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
POL 1133
Texas Politics and Society
or Civil Rights in Texas and America
3
Required Track Course 2 3
Required Track Course 2 3
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 2
 Credit Hours14
 Total Credit Hours120

B.S. in Geosciences (Water Science Track) - Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan 

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory 1
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
MAT 1214 Calculus I (core) 4
 Credit Hours14
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
MAT 1224 Calculus II 4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core)
4
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core)
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
 Credit Hours14
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
Required Track Course 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
POL 1133
Texas Politics and Society (core)
or Civil Rights in Texas and America
3
Required Track Course 2 3
Required Track Course 2 3
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
Required Track Course 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 2
 Credit Hours14
 Total Credit Hours120
1

These laboratory courses include a lecture component as indicated on the University Schedule of Classes.

2

If taking Field Geology Part I and/or Field Geology Part II as part of the required 18 hours of support work, these courses are taken during the summer but no earlier than the third year.

Note: Some courses are only offered once a year: Fall, Spring, or Summer. Check with the Department for scheduling of courses. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree in Geosciences

The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in fields such as earth science education, law, insurance, financial services, energy business, and environmental management. It is not recommended for students planning to pursue careers as professional geologists or graduate studies in geology or related fields.

The minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree, including the Core Curriculum requirements, is 120, at least 39 of which must be at the upper-division level. All major and support work courses must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

All candidates seeking this degree must fulfill the Core Curriculum requirements and the degree requirements, which are listed below.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the B.A. degree in Geosciences must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. If courses are taken to satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Inquiry and Scholarship3
AIS 1213AIS: Architecture, Construction, and Planning3
AIS 1223AIS: Arts and Humanities3
AIS 1233AIS: Business3
AIS 1243AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences3
AIS 1253AIS: Interdisciplinary Education3
AIS 1263AIS: Life and Health Sciences3
AIS 1273AIS: Social Sciences and Public Policy3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications3
MAT 1043Introduction to Mathematics3
MAT 1053Mathematics for Business3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers3
MAT 1093Precalculus3
MAT 1133Calculus for Business3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
STA 1053Basic Statistics3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System3
BIO 1203Biosciences I for Science Majors3
BIO 1223Biosciences II for Science Majors3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II3
CHE 1083Introduction to the Molecular Structure of Matter3
CHE 1093Introduction to Molecular Transformations3
ES 1113Environmental Botany3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology3
ES 1213Environmental Geology3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II3
GEO 1013The Third Planet3
GEO 1033Geology of North American National Parks3
GEO 1123Life Through Time3
GES 2613Intro to Physical Geography3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment3
ARC 2423Global History of Architecture and Urbanism: Renaissance to 19th Century3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature3
ENG 2023Literature and Film3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
ENG 2443Persuasion and Rhetoric3
FRN 1014Elementary French I4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GES 1023World Regions & Global Change3
GLA 1013US in Global Context3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicano(a) Studies3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking3
PHI 2013Basic Philosophical Problems3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WGSS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WGSS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Art History I3
AHC 1123Art History II3
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ARC 2413Global History of Architecture and Urbanism: Prehistory to Medieval3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts3
BBL 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II3
HUM 2053History of Film3
MAS 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2633American Roots Music3
MUS 2653Music in Culture3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Rock3
MUS 2683History and Styles of Western Art Music3
MUS 2713History of Recorded Music3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present3
HIS 2053Texas History3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society3
BBL 2243Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools: National and Transnational Experiences3
BIO 1033Drugs and Society3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
ES 1003Survey Topics in Environmental Studies3
GES 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GES 2623Human Geography: People, Place, Culture3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 2013Social Problems3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional Core Curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core component area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking3
EGR 1403Technical Communication3
ENG 2413Technical Writing3
PAD 1113Public Administration and Policy in American Society3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Gateway Courses

Students pursuing the B.A. degree in Geosciences must successfully complete each of the following Gateway Courses with a grade of “C-” or better in no more than two attempts. A student who is unable to successfully complete these courses within two attempts, including dropping a course with a grade of “W” or taking an equivalent course at another institution, will be required to change his or her major.

GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory

Degree Requirements

A. Major courses
1. Required courses (34 hours)
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 2113Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)3
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113Geologic Field Investigations3
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373Geochemistry3
GEO 4001Experiential Learning Experience1
B. Required Support Courses (19 hours)
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
Select one of the following:4
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
Select one of the following:4
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
C. Geosciences Electives (16 hours) *16
D. Free Electives (18 hours) *18
Total Credit Hours87
*

In sections C and D above, select 16 geosciences elective credit hours and 18 free elective credit hours to meet the 120 semester credit hour degree minimum with an appropriate number of credit hours at the upper-division level to meet the UTSA minimum of 39 upper-division hours. If PHY 1943 and PHY 1963 are taken under section B above, MAT 1224 should be used to fulfill 3 hours of electives.

Course Sequence Guide for B.A. Degree in Geosciences

This course sequence guide is designed to assist students in completing their UTSA undergraduate Geosciences degree requirements. This course sequence is only a guide and students must satisfy other requirements of this catalog and meet with their academic advisor for individualized degree plans. Progress within this guide depends upon such factors as course availability, individual student academic preparation, student time management, work obligations, and individual financial considerations. Students may choose to take courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters.

B.A. in Geosciences – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory 1
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory (core and major)
4
MAT 1214 Calculus I (core and major) 4
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Second Year
Fall
Creative Arts (core) 3
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 2113 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Select one of the following: 4
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core)
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours13
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
Select one of the following: 4
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core)
Upper-division GEO elective 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
Upper-division GEO elective 3
Upper-division GEO elective 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Free elective 3
Free elective 3
Upper-division GEO elective 3
Upper-division GEO elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
POL 1133
Texas Politics and Society (core)
or Civil Rights in Texas and America
3
American History (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
Upper-division GEO elective 1
 Credit Hours16
 Total Credit Hours120
1

These laboratory courses include a lecture component as indicated on the University Schedule of Classes.

Note: Some courses are only offered once a year: Fall or Spring. Check with the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences for scheduling of courses.

Minor in Geology

The Geology minor is designed for students in a variety of fields who desire a scientific understanding of the planet Earth, including earth materials and processes, and the history of the planet and its life. The Minor may be particularly relevant to majors including education, archeology, geography, environmental science/studies, engineering, and many others. All students pursuing the Minor in Geology must complete 18 semester credit hours. All coursework must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

A. Required courses
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
or GEO 3004 Rocks, Fossils, and Global Tectonics
B. Electives
Approved upper-division geology electives6
Total Credit Hours18

To declare a Minor in Geology, obtain advice about prerequisites about approved upper-division geology electives, or seek approval of substitutions for course requirements, students should consult their academic advisor. 

Certificate in Geographic Information System

Understanding and use of geospatial information is needed to address issues related to geological, environmental, biological, physical, business, and social processes. The objectives of the program is to train undergraduate students from any discipline at UTSA to be experts in using Geographic Information System (GIS) tools for creating, operating, and managing geospatial data, making professional maps, and analyzing data for various science and technique applications. This is an interdisciplinary program and it is administrated through the Earth and Planetary Sciences department. Courses currently offered through different departments (Earth and Planetary Sciences, Integrated Biology, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Political Science and Geography) can be used for the certificate program.

The requirement for the certificate is 15 semester credit hours (five courses). Courses taken in the certificate program may be applied towards other B.S. or B.A. degrees, depending on program requirements and with approval of the undergraduate advisor of record of the degree program. Students who are not currently in any UTSA degree program can apply as non-degree-seeking special student at the undergraduate level to pursue this certificate. 

A. One of the following:3
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
B. One of the following:3
Introduction to Geospatial Technologies
Spatial Analysis
C. One of the following:3
Principles of Remote Sensing
GIS Cartography
D. Required Earth and Planetary Sciences courses:6
Web GIS
Programming and Statistics for GIS
Total Credit Hours15

Geology (GEO) Courses

GEO 1013. The Third Planet. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1301)

Evolution of ideas concerning the earth’s origin, structure, and age; social impact of recognizing the antiquity of the planet and humankind’s brief presence; examination of how the distribution of planetary resources and climate change influenced the rise and clash of civilizations. May not be applied to a major in geology. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fees: DL01 $75; LRC1 $12; LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 1033. Geology of North American National Parks. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1302)

Explores the geology of the national parks of North America, including evaluation of the relationships between plate tectonics, the rock cycle, and landscapes preserved within our national parks. This course highlights the formation of the North American continent through examination of the iconic formations of the North American national parks including The Grand Canyon, Yellowstone, Yosemite, and others, with a special look at the geology of the two national parks in Texas. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. May not be applied to a major in geology. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.2; STSI $21.6; LRC1 $12.

GEO 1103. Physical Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1303)

Prerequisites: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093 or higher, or satisfactory performance on placement exam, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 1111. This course is intended for geology majors and minors as well as others interested in the geologic sciences. It constitutes an introduction to the geology major and skillsets needed by the practicing geologist including; mineral and rock identification, microscopy, deep time, outcrop descriptions, and mapping. The course includes an introduction to the theory of plate tectonics and its relation to the Earth’s internal structure, surface features, hydrosphere, earthquakes, and volcanism. One or more field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 1111. Physical Geology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = GEOL 1103)

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 1103. Relation of the earth’s present processes to its resources, structure, and internal composition. Field and laboratory study of minerals, rocks, maps, and aerial and satellite photos. Field trips may be required. (Formerly titled "Introduction to Earth Systems Laboratory.") Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: IUE1 $15; LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20.

GEO 1123. Life Through Time. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1304)

Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in GEO 1131 recommended. A study of the origin and evolution of life on Earth including major events from the beginning of the Earth and solar system to the present, as well as the interaction of life with the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. This course will explore the fossil record, sedimentary rocks, plate tectonics, evolution, and climate change. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRC1 $12; LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 1131. Life Through Time Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = GEOL 1104)

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 1123. Laboratory and field study of minerals, rocks, fossils, sequences of rocks, and mapping for the interpretation of life through time and the interpretation of Earth history. This course is intended and required for Geological Science majors and minors and will introduce students to many concepts covered in upper level courses. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: IUE1 $15; LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20.

GEO 2003. Mineralogy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 1103, CHE 1121, GEO 1103, GEO 1111, MAT 1093 or higher, or satisfactory performance on placement exam, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 2011. Crystallography, crystal chemistry, and the physical and optical properties of minerals. Principles of optical mineralogy and the microscopic determination of nonopaque minerals. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 2011. Mineralogy Laboratory. (1-4) 1 Credit Hour.

Corequisite: GEO 2003. Laboratory study of crystal models, crystals, and minerals. Use of physical properties and the petrographic microscope for mineral identification. Field trips may be required. (Formerly GEO 2012. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 2011 and GEO 2012.) Generally offered: Fall. Course Fees: IUE1 $15; LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20.

GEO 2043. Scientific Methods in Geosciences. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

The goal of this class is to apply fundamental scientific methods in Earth Sciences. Students will learn mathematics using Geosciences’ examples. Fundamental theories and principles on the physics and chemistry of the Earth System will be introduced and applied using scientific methods. This course aims to improve students’ knowledge and skills of scientific approaches involved in Geosciences. After successfully completing this course, students will be prepared for advanced level courses requiring college level mathematics, chemistry, and physics in Earth Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.2; STSI $21.6.

GEO 2113. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: CS 1173 or equivalent. This course will serve as a basic introduction to the concepts and techniques of utilizing a Geographic Information System (GIS) to study and model environmental issues. In lecture and laboratory, students will study methods of querying, analyzing, creating and displaying GIS data utilizing industry standard software. Students will also be introduced to using the Global Positioning System (GPS) as a means for creating GIS data. (Same as ES 2113. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 2113 and ES 2113.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 3001. Preparation for the Geoscience Workforce. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1123, and at least junior standing. This course provides the opportunity to engage in professional development activities in preparation for a career in the geosciences and aligned fields. Activities will include workshops, seminars, and assignments. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 3003. Atmospheric Science. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to atmospheric sciences and the dynamic world of weather using real-world current environmental data. The course covers the composition and structure of the atmosphere, the flow of energy into, through, and out of the atmosphere, and the resulting motions from local to global scales. The impact of weather on humans, particularly severe weather, is studied, emphasizing basic physical principles of atmospheric phenomena. Analysis methods are introduced as the students study current meteorological data delivered via the Internet. Generally offered: Fall (online). Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3004. Rocks, Fossils, and Global Tectonics. (2-4) 4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 and GEO 1111. An investigation of the major rock forming minerals, petrogenesis of the major rock types, and their plate tectonic context. Study of major trends in fauna and flora through time and their application to interpreting plate tectonics, paleoenvironments, and paleoclimate. Credit may not be applied to a B.S. or B.A. major in Geology. Differential Tuition: $200.

GEO 3013. Fundamentals of Plate Tectonics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and MAT 1093. This course introduces the student to the mechanics of lithospheric plate motion and the physical phenomena driving the motion. The relationships between plate tectonics, mantle convection, and geomagnetism are explored, as well as common structures associated with plate boundaries. Mathematical models are introduced and used to describe plate motion on a sphere. Historical development of plate tectonic theory is also covered. Generally offered spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3043. Petrology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, MAT 1214, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3051 and GEO 3373. Description, classification, occurrence, and origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3051. Petrology Laboratory. (1-4) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3043. Laboratory study of igneous and metamorphic rocks in hand specimen and thin section. Field trips may be required. (Formerly GEO 3052. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 3051 and GEO 3052.) Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 3063. Paleontology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, GEO 1123, GEO 1131, or consent of instructor, and concurrent enrollment in GEO 3071. Study of fossil animals and plants. Emphasis on invertebrate animals. Systematics, biostratigraphy, paleoecology, and evolution of fossil organisms. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3071. Paleontology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, GEO 1123, GEO 1131, and concurrent enrollment in GEO 3063. Study of fossil specimens, collections, and preparation techniques. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $50. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 3103. Structural Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 3113, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3111. Description and origin of geologic structures at the microscopic, hand specimen and mountain scales with emphasis on the response of Earth materials to stress and the role of rheology. Relationships between structure and tectonics will be explored. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3111. Structural Geology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3103. Laboratory study of structural features and concepts using maps, cross-sections, photographs, and descriptive geometric and stereographic methods. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 3113. Geologic Field Investigations. (1-4) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 2003 and GEO 2011. Introduction to techniques for studying geologic features and processes in the field, including rock identification, construction of geological maps, orientation analysis, and report writing. Some half-day and Saturday field trips may be required. (Formerly GEO 3112. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 3112 and GEO 3113.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3123. Sedimentation and Stratigraphy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, GEO 3063, GEO 3071, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3131. Processes of erosion, transportation, and deposition that form bodies of sedimentary rock. Depositional systems and modeling are a significant area of study. Stratigraphic principles and temporal and spatial facies relationships at various scales. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3131. Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, GEO 3063, GEO 3071, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3123. Laboratory studies of sedimentary processes and their products. Hand specimens, thin sections, sedimentary structures, and interpretation of depositional environments. Stratigraphic case studies, including surface, subsurface, and sequence stratigraphic analysis. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $50. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 3163. Oceanography. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the role of the ocean in the Earth system by using real-world oceanographic data. Topics covered include the flow of energy into and out of the ocean and the motions that result; physical and chemical properties of ocean water; ocean circulation; marine life and habitats; and the interaction of the ocean with the other components of the Earth system (hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere). It provides the scientific basis for understanding the world ocean. An optional field trip may be offered. (Same as ES 3133. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 3163 and ES 3133.) Generally offered: Fall (online only, some set time), Spring (online). Differential Tuition: $150. Course Fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 3173. The Cryosphere. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course covers properties, areal distribution, seasonal change and climatic change of the major constituents of the cryosphere: the large ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica; seasonal snow cover in the high and mid latitudes; sea ice covers in the Arctic, Southern Ocean, and other seas; mountain glaciers from the tropics to the polar regions; and permafrost in the high latitude land areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Methods of cryospheric research will be introduced such as remote sensing and in situ field investigations. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3343. Introduction to Geospatial Technologies. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces several aspects of geospatial technologies, not only what they are but how they are used in hands-on applications, all based on free internet resources not commercial software packages. This course provides a solid foundation on which further knowledge in more specialized classes, such as Geographic Information Systems, Global Positioning Systems, and Remote Sensing, can be built on. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3373. Geochemistry. (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

A survey of geochemical processes and the distribution of elements in the earth. Application of geochemical methods and data to the solution of geologic problems. Includes geochemical laboratory experiments and use of analytical equipment. Incorporates use of standard computer software for analysis of geochemical data and graphing of results. Students taking this class will learn to describe the role that modern geochemistry plays in all aspects of Earth Sciences, solve geochemical problems using geochemical data sets, and explain geochemical processes that take place at depth and at the surface of our planet. (Formerly GEO 3374. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 3373 and GEO 3374.) Generally offered Fall. Differential Tuition: $150. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 3383. General Geophysics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in MAT 1224 and PHY 1963. This course examines the interrelated geology and physics of the Earth’s interior as deduced from earthquake seismology, gravity and magnetic fields, and the introduction of geophysical survey methods to the exploration of near-surface cultural and natural resources. Topics in archaeological, environmental, geological, and engineering geophysics will be explored. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3393. Introduction to Isotope Geochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1214. The course includes a review of theories of nuclear structure, stability of nucleus, nucleosynthesis and origin of elements, and introduces both radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry. Topics include radioactive decay schemes for tritium-helium, U-Pb, Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, K-Ar, and U-Th-Pb-He systems; isotopic fractionations of stable isotopes of C, H, O, N, and S; and application of radiogenic and stable isotopes to petrology, evolution of the crust and mantle, geochronology, geothermometry, archaeology, ecology, hydrology, and paleoclimatic interpretation. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3403. Biogeochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093, or consent of instructor. This course will provide theoretical and conceptual knowledge regarding important topics in biogeochemistry, including how elements are cycled in lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere, as well as discussing the impact of water and energy associated with these cycles. We follow the elements most necessary for life on earth from their origins in the universe through the present day and consider their future in a warming climate. Basic metabolic pathways of life and mechanisms of biogeochemical transformations of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, and other weathering-derived elements are discussed. Biogeochemical processes associated with natural water chemistry (surface, groundwater, ocean water, and atmospheric waters - specifically wetlands, oceans, estuaries, soils, and sediments), will be covered with theory, case studies, and numerical calculations. A portion of class will also focus on interactions between natural organic matter and microbial processes that catalyze the cycling of elements of human health concern. Simple calculations using spreadsheet programs will be used to understand some of the biogeochemical processes in a quantitative manner. These Earth systems and processes are innately complex in nature. This course aims to support students' understanding of these systems through lecture, literature, and group assignments. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3413. Introduction to Earth System Science and Remote Sensing. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed for students in sciences or engineering to get basic knowledge about the Earth system and some compelling science problems related to ice, snow, water, atmosphere, and ocean. The second part of the course will include some basic knowledge of remote sensing and how different remote sensing technology can be used to sense these different types of earth environments. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4001. Experiential Learning Experience. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

The opportunity to apply geological principles and skills during a semester-long internship in an organization that utilizes geoscience to accomplish its mission. The grade report for this course is either "CR" (satisfactory participation in the internship) or "NC" (unsatisfactory participation in the internship). Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4002. Experiential Learning Experience. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

The opportunity to apply geological principles and skills during a semester-long internship in an organization that utilizes geoscience to accomplish its mission. The grade report for this course is either "CR" (satisfactory participation in the internship) or "NC" (unsatisfactory participation in the internship). Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $100.

GEO 4003. Experiential Learning Experience. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

The opportunity to apply geological principles and skills during a semester-long internship in an organization that utilizes geoscience to accomplish its mission. The grade report for this course is either "CR" (satisfactory participation in the internship) or "NC" (unsatisfactory participation in the internship). Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4013. Volcanology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 3043 and either PHY 1623 or PHY 1943, or consent of instructor. A survey of volcanoes and volcanic processes, including historically important volcanic eruptions and the prediction and mitigation of volcanic hazards. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4023. Engineering Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: PHY 1963 (engineering majors only) or PHY 1603 or PHY 1943, and MAT 1214; or consent of instructor. Geologic factors in construction. Geotechnical properties of minerals, rocks, and soils. Case studies. May not be applied to a major in geology. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4033. Profession of Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 2113, GEO 3123, GEO 3131, GEO 3113. This course is designed to provide the basic knowledge required by the ASBOG National Geologist Examination (Fundamentals) for licensure as a Professional Geologist, and introduces the geoscience student to the fundamentals of professional practice that impact, health, safety, and well-being of the public. The emphasis will be on principles and practices of geoscience that affect the economy, feasibility and design of engineering works, sitting criteria, site selection and investigation, human-land interactions, site assessment, liability, responsibility, professional report writing, and licensure. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4043. Big Data Analysis for Extreme Environments. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course will touch on three basic aspects of data science and technology: geospatial data, data assimilation and modeling, and cloud computation and big data analytics. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4053. Climate Change. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the Earth’s climate system using real-world environmental data. Climate change is investigated with proxy records of the past, direct observations of the present, and climate model simulations of the future to understand both natural and human effects. The course also addresses how energy use and policy impacts climate change as well as how society is affected by it. Generally offered: Spring (online). Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4063. Advanced Environmental Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 and GEO 1111. An analysis of human interaction with geologic systems; the risks and effects of natural geologic hazards such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and floods. Topics will include the effects of human activity on natural systems such as groundwater quality and recharge, river systems, coastal hazards, energy resources, and climate change. The meaning of "sustainability" as a long-term concept and tools to assess and work with Earth systems to avoid endangering human life and property are also topics that are applied and addressed. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4073. Web GIS. (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2113 or GEO 2113 or GEO 3343, or consent of instructor. This course will focus upon developing GIS applications to be served out via the Internet or a Local Area Network (LAN). Additional topics include the use of Web authoring software. The course presents and introductory level skill set for the creation and publishing of web mapping applications using the ESRI ArcGIS Online resources and available tools. The technical focus of the course includes computer lab tutorials and case studies. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4083. Computer Application for Geoscience. (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

In this course, Geosciences students will be introduced to means to input their valuable field and lab measurements into computer systems for further processing and analysis. Students will learn the principles and fundamentals of computer programming from the Project Management point of view. By visualizing and implementing the Program Development Cycle and introducing a few programming environments (Visual Basic for Applications, Python, UNIX shell programming) students will learn how to define a problem, devise a computational solution and implement it. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4093. Principles of Remote Sensing. (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: MAT 1214 or higher and PHY 1943. This course will provide a thorough introduction to remote sensing theory, technology, and application. The emphasis in this course is on understanding the underlying principles of acquiring, interpreting, and applying data from imaging systems covering the electromagnetic spectrum from the ultraviolet through the microwave. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4103. Programming and Statistics for GIS. (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2113 or GEO 2113 or GEO 3343, or consent of instructor. This course provides students with the basics of Python programming language and how GIS uses it as a scripting language to perform sophisticated statistical, map, and analysis calculations. They will be able to understand the desired outcomes of a project and organize tasks and processes to achieve said goal. Students will learn and master powerful Python tools that automate procedures, and carry out integration with data from many applications. As a result, they will have the ability to transform or create robust GIS datasets, and provide with in depth analysis leading to solid decision making. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4113. Geomorphology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 or GES 2613, or consent of instructor, and junior or senior standing. In-depth study of processes that erode and deposit sediment on the Earth’s surface. Sediment supply and transport capacity driving sediment transfers that change landscapes. Case studies illustrate role of geomorphic knowledge in addressing environmental problems. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4121. Geomorphology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 or GES 2613, completion of or enrollment in GEO 4113, and junior or senior standing, or consent of instructor. Geomorphic concepts applied to solve specified problems. Emphasis on geomorphic data, analysis techniques, and interpretation to gain understanding and address environmental problems. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $50. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 4133. River Science. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 or GES 2613, or consent of instructor, and junior or senior standing. An in-depth examination of river sediment transport principles. Topics include water and sediment supply, sediment dynamics, river morphology, and channel instability. Field trips may be required. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4203. Aqueous Geochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 3373, or consent of instructor. This course will facilitate to understand in detail the fundamental (primarily thermodynamic) controls on the composition of natural waters and the response of natural waters to variations in various physico-chemical parameters. Characterization of dissolved organic matter in natural waters will be introduced. This course will explore applications to environmental problems like contaminants migration in waters (ground waters, surface waters), weathering, etc., learn to solve numerical problems related to the behavior of chemical components in natural waters, and gain familiarity with simple analytical techniques for the characterization of natural waters. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4213. Chemical Hydrology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 3373 or GEO 4623, or consent of instructor. Discussion of the basic chemical principles of the water cycle, as well as environmentally relevant applications based on case studies. Detailed Groundwater Hydrogeochemistry, Surface Water Hydrogeochemistry, Surface water and Groundwater Interaction - Geochemical Principles governing, Quantitative and Modeling analysis and geologic effects on quality and flow of groundwater. Coverage of contemporary global issues related to water resources, including pollution control, environmental rehabilitation, sustainable development, and global warming exploration of anthropogenic. Topics include land-atmosphere interactions, movement of water and water rock interaction, contaminant transport in groundwater systems. ASBOG Test Syllabus and web-based teaching are followed. (Formerly GEO 4204. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 4204 and GEO 4213.) Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4303. Geomicrobiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093, or consent of instructor. The overall objective of this course is to give you an understanding of how microorganisms impact geological environments and how geological environments, in turn, influence microbial activity. The course is divided into three units: (1) Fundamentals of geomicrobiology. Here you will learn about the basic properties of microbes, how we characterize them, and how they function. We will also discuss the major biogeochemical cycles. This portion of the course will lay the foundation for learning about microbial interactions with geological environments. (2) Influence of geological environments on microorganisms. This portion of the course examines environmental controls that influence who exist within microbial communities and what kinds of reactions they carry out. We will emphasize use of thermodynamic calculations to analyze microbial communities and predict behavior. (3) Impacts of microbial activity on geological environments. We will begin this portion of the course with an overview of ways microbes impact their environments and then focus our discussion on impacts of microbial activity on water resources. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4313. Biogeochemical Modeling. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093, or consent of instructor. Students taking this course will learn how to quantitatively analyze biogeochemical reaction systems using popular geochemical modeling software, The Geochemists Workbench®. Along the way students will develop employable skills, enrich their understanding of biogeochemical reaction systems. The course will be based on a series of active learning computer exercises. Student will use the software to determine species distributions in natural waters, calculate redox pH diagrams, model the kinetics of microbial reactions, simulate rates of mineral dissolution/precipitation, create reaction path models and transport models, and determine rates of reactions and more. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4453. Natural Hazards. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, and PHY 1623 or PHY 1943. Natural hazards include tectonic (e.g. earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanoes), weather and climate (e.g. floods, hurricanes, wildfires), and extra-terrestrial (e.g. meteorite impacts, gamma ray bursts). Focus on understanding hazard vs risk, recurrence intervals and probabilistic forecasting, and local vs. regional vs. global scale catastrophic events. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4503. Hydrogeophysics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: MAT 1214 or higher, PHY 1963, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 4511. The presence of water and other fluids in subsurface formations, from the macro aquifer level to the micro pore level, are ultimately detected and observed through the application of geophysical principles and survey methods.This course will explore the fundamental science of hydrological geophysics, through the examination of the fundamental petrophysics and the various geophysical surface and borehole methods, such as seismic refraction, electrical resistivity and induced polarization, electromagnetic induction, microgravimetry, and geo-radar as applied to hydrogeologic investigations. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4511. Hydrogeophysics Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 4503. Laboratory and field-based course exploring geophysical survey systems, survey planning, data collection and analysis. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4623. Groundwater Hydrogeology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, PHY 1943, and MAT 1214. Hydrologic cycle and the occurrence and movement of groundwater. Recharge and discharge of aquifers; water quality; exploration and development of groundwater supplies. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4813. Planetary Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: PHY 1963, or consent of instructor. This course is designed for students in the Sciences or Engineering and no prior Geological knowledge is assumed, although Earth will be our point of reference. Survey of the interior and surface geology of solid bodies in our Solar System and beyond (planets, moons, asteroids, comets, Kuiper Belt Objects and exoplanets). Topics will include bulk composition and differentiation of planetary interiors, surface processes such as (cryo-) volcanism and meteorite impacts, erosion and sedimentation by fluids and wind, and heat transfer styles. There will be an emphasis on how we know things and what we don't know, quantifying uncertainties in measurements and models, and the nature of planetary scientific enquiry. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4883. Petroleum Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3103 and GEO 3123, or consent of instructor. Integrated study of the generation, migration, and entrapment of hydrocarbons in conventional and unconventional petroleum systems. Survey of surface and subsurface geological and geophysical techniques for exploration, development, and production using professional software. Case studies of petroleum systems including economic aspects of the petroleum industry. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4911. Independent Study. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree in geology. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4912. Independent Study. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree in geology. Differential Tuition: $100.

GEO 4913. Independent Study. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree in geology. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4933. Field Geology Part I. (1-6) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 3103, GEO 3111, GEO 3123, and GEO 3131 or consent of instructor. Part I: Geologic mapping and structural analysis of data collected in the field. Taught for three weeks only in the summer session. Special fee covers cost of transportation, room, and board while in the field. Generally offered: Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4943. Field Geology Part II. (1-6) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 4933 or consent of instructor. Part II: Mapping and structural analysis exercises in the field and literature review covering the construction of North America from 2 GYA to the present. Taught for three weeks only in the summer session. Special fee covers cost of transportation, room, and board while in the field. Generally offered: Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4951. Special Studies in Geology. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Course Fees: LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4952. Special Studies in Geology. (2-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Differential Tuition: $100.

GEO 4953. Special Studies in Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4961. Special Studies in Geology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized laboratory course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4993. Honors Research. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Enrollment limited to candidates for College Honors during their last two semesters; approval by the College Honors Committee. Supervised research and preparation of an honors thesis. May be repeated only once with approval. Differential Tuition: $150.