Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Mission Statement

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences is dedicated to advancing scientific knowledge in geosciences, especially in general geology, earth system and climate, environmental geoscience, water science, and planetary sciences. The Department finds solutions to complex multidisciplinary problems involving earth and planetary sciences.

General Information

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at The University of Texas at San Antonio has academic expertise, research excellence, and student success across the fields of earth sciences, environmental geosciences, geoinformatics, and planetary sciences. Our research laboratories and facilities provide both undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to learn, participate, and acquire skills in areas of geosciences. These include Chemical Hydrology and Mass Spectrometry Lab, Computational and GIS Labs (two), Hydrogeology Facility, Heat and Mass Transfer & Experimental Rheology Lab, Micropaleo and Stratigraphy Facility, Ocean Science Lab, Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics Lab, River Science Lab, Rock Preparation Facility, Sedimentary Geology and Mineralogy Lab, and Snow and Ice Geophysics Lab. The department faculty also leads two university-wide collaborative Centers/Institutes: NASA MIRO Center for Advanced Measurements in Extreme Environments (CAMEE) and Institute for Water Research, Sustainability and Policy (IWRSP). 

Program Outcomes

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences programs provide students the opportunity to:

  • Create topographic, geologic, and digital maps in both field and laboratory settings (Mapping).
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Earth structures (from deep to superficial envelopes), and the effect of plate tectonics on crustal-scale Earth structures and climate, by creating stratigraphic sections and subsurface diagrams from preexisting maps and subsurface data (Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics)
  • Identify common Earth materials including rocks, rock-forming minerals, and water resources, as well as the processes and tectonic environments responsible for their formation (Earth Materials)
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Geologic Time Scale, the chronology of life on Earth, and the fundamentals of biologic and geologic evolution through recognition of fossil taxa and creation of biostratigraphic correlations through time (Geologic Time and Earth Evolution)
  • Analyze the effects of climate on earth surface processes, recognize common geomorphic features, and the processes responsible for their formation (Climate and Earth Surface Processes)
  • Understand geological and thermodynamic controls on the petrogenesis of major igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary minerals, and the effect of the mineral chemical composition and stability on igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary, and aqueous processes (Geochemistry)

Degrees

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Degree and a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Degree in Geosciences. The department also offers a Minor in Geosciences and an Undergraduate Certificate in Geographic Information System.

The B.S. Degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in the geosciences and for successful studies in graduate school. The program of study focuses on fundamentals and learning skills used by geoscientists in their professional careers. In this degree, students are encouraged to focus on one of the four tracks: General Geology, Earth System and Climate, Environmental Geoscience, and Water Science.

The B.A. Degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in fields such as earth science education, law, insurance, financial services, energy business, and environmental management. It is not recommended for students planning to pursue careers as professional geologists or graduate studies in geology or related fields.

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences offers a Minor in Geosciences and an Undergraduate Certificate in Geographic Information System. The department also participates in the Multidisciplinary Studies in Geoinformatics B.S. degree program. Completion of a basic science curriculum allows students to apply for entry into one of several highly specialized areas in geosciences and/or environmental science.

UTeachSA Teacher Preparation Program

UTeachSA is the teacher preparation program in the College of Sciences that prepares students to become secondary (middle school and high school) science and mathematics teachers. The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences offers one program leading to teacher certification for the state of Texas: B.A. Geosciences - 6-12th Grade Physical Science Teacher Certification Concentration. 

Criminal History Policy and Acknowledgement for Teacher Preparation Programs

Teacher preparation programs at UTSA requires fieldwork in public schools, which requires students to be able to pass a criminal background check conducted.  It is the responsibility of the student to determine if their criminal history background will present a problem before applying for admission to the teacher preparation program. Students with a problematic criminal history will encounter difficulty in completing any fieldwork requirements and may not be able to complete the program. The University of Texas at San Antonio is required to inform students of the requirements set forth by the Texas Occupation Code, Chapter 53, Sections 53.001 through 53.105.

COS Signature Experiences in Earth and Planetary Sciences

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences offers experiential learning opportunities for undergraduate students in which they can gain real-world experiences, while also learning about the broader impacts of their work within their fields of study. All undergraduate students have the option to participate in a College of Sciences (COS) Signature Experience. Students should contact the Undergraduate Advisor of Record for the Geosciences major for a list of relevant signature experiences.

Bachelor of Science Degree in Geosciences

The Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in geosciences and for successful studies in graduate school. The B.S. degree in Geosciences requires 120 credit hours: 42 credit hours of university core, 35 hours of required GEO courses, 21 hours of support courses (9 hours of coursework is part of the university core), and 29 hours of coursework (18 hours required and 13 hours of free electives) in focus track areas: 1) General Geology, 2) Earth System and Climate, 3) Environmental Geoscience, and 4) Water Science.

A minimum number of 120 semester credit hours is required for the B.S. in Geosciences, including Core Curriculum requirements. At least 39 of the total semester credit hours required for the degree must be at the upper-division level.

All major and support work courses must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the B.S. degree in Geosciences must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. If courses are taken to satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

MAT 1213  may be used to satisfy the core requirement in Mathematics as well as a major requirement.

The following two courses may be used to satisfy the core requirement in Life and Physical Sciences as well as major requirements:PHY 1943 and PHY 1963.

CS 1173 may be used to satisfy the core Component Area Option requirement as well as a major requirement.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Introduction and Strategies (core component area 090)3
AIS 1213AIS: Architecture, Construction, and Planning (core component area 090)3
AIS 1223AIS: Arts and Humanities (core component area 090)3
AIS 1233AIS: Business (core component area 090)3
AIS 1243AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences (core component area 090)3
AIS 1253AIS: Interdisciplinary Education (core component area 090)3
AIS 1263AIS: Life and Health Sciences (core component area 090)3
AIS 1273AIS: Social Sciences and Public Policy (core component area 090)3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I (TCCN: ENGL 1301)3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II (TCCN: ENGL 1302)3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications (TCCN: MATH 1314)3
MAT 1043Quantitative Reasoning (TCCN: MATH 1332)3
MAT 1053Mathematics for Business (TCCN: MATH 1324)3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers (TCCN: MATH 1314)3
MAT 1093Precalculus (TCCN: MATH 2312)3
MAT 1133Calculus for Business (TCCN: MATH 1325)3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences (TCCN: MATH 2313)3
MAT 1213Calculus I (TCCN: MATH 2313)3
STA 1053Basic Statistics (TCCN: MATH 1342)3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology (TCCN: ANTH 2301)3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy (TCCN: ASTR 1303)3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System (TCCN: ASTR 1304)3
BIO 1203Biosciences I for Science Majors (TCCN: BIOL 1306)3
BIO 1223Biosciences II for Science Majors (TCCN: BIOL 1307)3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I (TCCN: BIOL 1308)3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II (TCCN: BIOL 1309)3
CHE 1083Introduction to the Molecular Structure of Matter3
CHE 1093Introduction to Molecular Transformations3
ES 1113Environmental Botany (TCCN: BIOL 1311)3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology (TCCN: BIOL 1313)3
ES 1213Environmental Geology (TCCN: GEOL 1305)3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I (TCCN: ENVR 1301)3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II (TCCN: ENVR 1302)3
GEO 1013The Third Planet (TCCN: GEOL 1301)3
GEO 1033Geology of North American National Parks (TCCN: GEOL 1302)3
GEO 1123Life Through Time (TCCN: GEOL 1304)3
GES 2613Intro to Physical Geography (TCCN: GEOG 1301)3
NDT 2043Introduction to Nutritional Sciences3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I (TCCN: PHYS 2325)3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II (TCCN: PHYS 2326)3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment (TCCN: ARCH 1311)3
ARC 2423History of Architecture II (TCCN: ARCH 1302)3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I (TCCN: CHIN 1411)4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
COM 2313Introduction to Media Studies3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I (TCCN: ENGL 2332)3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II (TCCN: ENGL 2333)3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures (TCCN: HUMA 2323)3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature (TCCN: ENGL 2341)3
ENG 2023Literature and Film3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
ENG 2443Persuasion and Rhetoric3
FRN 1014Elementary French I (TCCN: FREN 1411)4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I (TCCN: GERM 1411)4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GES 1023World Regions & Global Change (TCCN: GEOG 1303)3
GLA 1013US in Global Context3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century (TCCN: HIST 2321)3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century (TCCN: HIST 2322)3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions (TCCN: PHIL 1304)3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I (TCCN: ITAL 1411)4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I (TCCN: JAPN 1411)4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I (TCCN: LATI 1411)4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicana/x/o Studies (TCCN: HUMA 1305)3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking (TCCN: PHIL 2303)3
PHI 2013Basic Philosophical Problems (TCCN: PHIL 1301)3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy (TCCN: PHIL 2316)3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2093Philosophy of The Americas3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I (TCCN: RUSS 1411)4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I (TCCN: SPAN 1411)4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WGSS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WGSS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Art History: Prehistory-1350 (TCCN: ARTS 1303)3
AHC 1123Art History: 1350-Present (TCCN: ARTS 1304)3
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ARC 2413History of Architecture I (TCCN: ARCH 1301)3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts (TCCN: ARTS 1301)3
ART 1113Image Culture3
BBL 2023Latino Cultural Expressions (TCCN: HUMA 1311)3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance (TCCN: DANC 2303)3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I (TCCN: HUMA 1301)3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II (TCCN: HUMA 1302)3
HUM 2053History of Film (TCCN: HUMA 1315)3
MAS 2023Latina/x/o Cultural Expressions (TCCN: HUMA 1311)3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2633American Roots Music (TCCN: MUSI 1310)3
MUS 2653Music in Culture3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz (TCCN: MUSI 1310)3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Popular Music (TCCN: MUSI 1310)3
MUS 2683History and Styles of Western Art Music (TCCN: MUSI 1306)3
MUS 2713History of Recorded Music3
MUS 2733History of the American Musical Theater3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era (TCCN: HIST 1301)3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present (TCCN: HIST 1302)3
HIS 2053Texas History (TCCN: HIST 2301)3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics (TCCN: GOVT 2305)3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society (TCCN: GOVT 2306)3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America (TCCN: GOVT 2306)3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology (TCCN: ANTH 2346)3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology (TCCN: ANTH 2302)3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (TCCN: ANTH 2351)3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society (TCCN: ANTH 2351)3
BBL 2243Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools: National and Transnational Experiences (TCCN: ANTH 2351)3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System (TCCN: CRIJ 1301)3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues (TCCN: ECON 1301)3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics (TCCN: ECON 2302)3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
ES 1003Survey Topics in Environmental Studies3
GES 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GES 2623Human Geography: People, Place, Culture (TCCN: GEOG 1302)3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health (TCCN: PHED 1304)3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
KIN 2123Exercise as Medicine (TCCN: KINE 1338)3
NDRB 1033Drugs and Society (TCCN: PHED 1346)3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology (TCCN: PSYC 2301)3
REGS 2003Intersectional Approaches to Social Justice3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology (TCCN: SOCI 1301)3
SOC 2013Social Problems (TCCN: SOCI 1306)3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use (TCCN: SOCI 2340)3
SWK 1013Introduction to Social Work3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional Core Curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core component area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking (core component area 091, TCCN: SPCH 1315)3
EGR 1403Technical Communication (core component area 091)3
ENG 2413Technical Writing (core component area 091, TCCN: ENGL 2311)3
PAD 1113Public Administration and Policy in American Society (core component area 097)3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic (core component area 092, TCCN: PHIL 2303)3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Gateway Courses

Students pursuing the B.S. degree in Geosciences must successfully complete each of the following Gateway Courses with a grade of “C-” or better in no more than two attempts. A student who is unable to successfully complete these courses within two attempts, including dropping a course with a grade of “W” or taking an equivalent course at another institution, will be required to change their major.

GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory

 Degree Requirements

A. Major courses (35 hours)
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113Geologic Field Investigations3
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373Geochemistry3
GEO 4001Experiential Learning Experience1
B. Required support courses (21 hours)
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1213Calculus I3
MAT 1223Calculus II3
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
4
Total Credit Hours56

Focus Track Areas

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences offers four track areas: General Geology, Earth System and Climate, Environmental Geoscience, and Water Science. To declare a track or obtain advice, students should consult an undergraduate academic advisor in the Mathematics and Physical Sciences Advising Center. To receive credit for the track, students must successfully complete all requirements for the B.S. degree along with all courses listed for that track. If not, students will receive a standard B.S. degree in Geosciences.

General Geology (31 hours)

This track focuses on the traditional geology curriculum for traditional geology careers that include the oil/gas and/or mining industries, as well as graduate school in a variety of fields of earth and planetary sciences, and research/academic careers. Upon graduation, students will have the academic background needed to become state licensed geologists, which is required for management positions in the environmental field in Texas and many other states.

All candidates for the Focus Track Area in General Geology must complete the following courses:

A. 9 credit hours of required courses:9
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Field Geology Part I
Field Geology Part II
B. 9 credit hours of upper-division-level Geosciences electives.9
C. Free Elective Courses (13 credit hours)13
Total Credit Hours31

Earth System and Climate (31 hours)

This track provides students with the technical and conceptual knowledge necessary to address challenges faced by geoscientists dealing with climate-related issues, allowing them to partner with policymakers and stakeholders. Completion of this track will alert potential employers to a student’s background in Earth and Climate Systems and enhance opportunities for employment in the areas of environmental policy and planning, environmental consulting, air/water quality monitoring and assessment, laboratory analysis, natural resource management, science education/research, and conservation and environmental protection.

All candidates for the Focus Track Area in Earth System and Climate must complete the following courses:

A. Required Courses (18 credit hours from the following):18
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Atmospheric Science
Oceanography
Introduction to Earth System Science and Remote Sensing
The Cryosphere
Climate Change
Principles of Remote Sensing
Geomorphology
B. Free Elective Courses (13 credit hours)13
Total Credit Hours31

Environmental Geoscience (31 hours)

This track trains students in chemical and physical aspects of the earth’s environment. Graduates from this track will be well prepared for jobs in the areas of environmental consulting, environmental engineering, and water quality monitoring and assessment, with employment opportunities in both private and state/local government sectors. 

All candidates for the Focus Track Area in Environmental Geosciences must complete the following courses:

A. Required courses (18 credit hours from the following):18
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Oceanography
Introduction to Earth System Science and Remote Sensing
Advanced Environmental Geology
Principles of Remote Sensing
Geomorphology
Geomorphology Laboratory
River Science
Aqueous Geochemistry
Natural Hazards
Field Geology Part I
Field Geology Part II
B. Free Elective Courses (13 credit hours)13
Total Credit Hours31

Water Science (31 hours)

This track provides students with the technical and conceptual background necessary to address challenges faced by water planners and policy makers. Completion of this focus area will alert potential employers to a student’s background in hydrology, water resource, and water quality, and enhance chances for employment in the water sectors, in both private and state/local government sectors.

All candidates for the Focus Track Area in Water Science must complete the following courses:

A. Required Courses (18 credit hours from the following):18
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Principles of Remote Sensing
Programming and Statistics for GIS
River Science
Aqueous Geochemistry
Hydrogeophysics
Hydrogeophysics Laboratory
Groundwater Hydrogeology
Field Geology Part I
Field Geology Part II
B. Free Elective Courses (13 credit hours)13
Total Credit Hours31

Course Sequence Guides for B.S. Degree in Geosciences

This course sequence guide is designed to assist students in completing their B.S. Degree in Geosciences. This course sequence is only a guide and students must satisfy other requirements of this catalog and meet with their academic advisofor individualized degree plans. Progress within this guide depends upon such factors as course availability, individual student academic preparation, student time management, work obligations, and individual financial considerations. Students may choose to take courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters.

B.S. in Geosciences (General Geology Track) – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
AIS 1243 AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory (core and major)
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II 3
MAT 1213 Calculus I 3
Free elective 4
 Credit Hours17
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics 3
MAT 1223 Calculus II 3
 Credit Hours13
Spring
GEO 2113 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 3
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
4
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
4
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
Creative Arts (core) 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Summer
GEO 4933 Field Geology Part I 3
GEO 4943 Field Geology Part II 3
 Credit Hours6
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Government-Political Science (core) 3
GEO elective (upper division) 3
GEO elective (upper division) 3
 Credit Hours13
Spring
American History (core) 3
GEO elective (upper division) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours120

B.S. in Geosciences (Earth System and Climate Track) – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1243 AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory 1
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory (core and major)
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II 3
MAT 1213 Calculus I 3
 Credit Hours13
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
MAT 1223 Calculus II 3
Political Science (core) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
4
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
 Credit Hours17
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
4
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
American History (core) 3
Political Science (core) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
 Credit Hours13
Spring
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
American History (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 4
 Credit Hours16
 Total Credit Hours120

B.S. in Geosciences (Environmental Geoscience Track) – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan 

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1111
Life Through Time
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II 3
MAT 1213 Calculus I 3
 Credit Hours13
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
MAT 1223 Calculus II 3
Political Science (core) 3
Free Elective 4
 Credit Hours17
Spring
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
4
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours17
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
4
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
Political Science (core) 3
American History (core) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours120

B.S. in Geosciences (Water Science Track) - Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan 

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory 1
4
AIS 1243 AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences 3
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II 3
MAT 1213 Calculus I 3
 Credit Hours13
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
MAT 1223 Calculus II 3
Political Science (core) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 3043
GEO 3051
Petrology
and Petrology Laboratory
4
PHY 1943
PHY 1951
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
4
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
 Credit Hours17
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
PHY 1963
PHY 1971
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
4
Social & Behavioral Science (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
 Credit Hours17
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
American History (core) 3
Political Science (core) 3
Free Elective 4
 Credit Hours17
Spring
GEO Elective (required track course) 3
American History (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours12
 Total Credit Hours120
1

These laboratory courses include a lecture component as indicated on the University Schedule of Classes.

2

If taking Field Geology Part I and/or Field Geology Part II as part of the required 18 hours of support work, these courses are taken during the summer, but no earlier than the third year.

Note: Some courses are only offered once a year: Fall, Spring, or Summer. Check with the Department for scheduling of courses. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree in Geosciences

The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Degree in Geosciences provides opportunities to prepare for careers in fields such as earth science education, law, insurance, financial services, energy business, and environmental management. The B.A. degree in Geosciences requires a minimum of 120 credit hours, at least 39 hours of which must be at the upper-division level: 42 credit hours of university core, 34 hours of required GEO courses, and 19 hours of support courses (9 hours of coursework is part of the university core), 16 hours of Geosciences (GEO) electives, and 18 hours of free electives. The B.A. degree also offers a 6–12th Grade Physical Science Teacher Certification Concentration, which prepares students for a career in teaching secondary physical science.

All major and support work courses and required prerequisites must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the B.A. degree in Geosciences must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. If courses are taken to satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

  • MAT 1213 may be used to satisfy the core requirement in Mathematics as well as a major requirement.
  • PHY 1943 and PHY 1963 may be used to satisfy the core requirement in Life and Physical Sciences as well as major requirements.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Introduction and Strategies (core component area 090)3
AIS 1213AIS: Architecture, Construction, and Planning (core component area 090)3
AIS 1223AIS: Arts and Humanities (core component area 090)3
AIS 1233AIS: Business (core component area 090)3
AIS 1243AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences (core component area 090)3
AIS 1253AIS: Interdisciplinary Education (core component area 090)3
AIS 1263AIS: Life and Health Sciences (core component area 090)3
AIS 1273AIS: Social Sciences and Public Policy (core component area 090)3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I (TCCN: ENGL 1301)3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II (TCCN: ENGL 1302)3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications (TCCN: MATH 1314)3
MAT 1043Quantitative Reasoning (TCCN: MATH 1332)3
MAT 1053Mathematics for Business (TCCN: MATH 1324)3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers (TCCN: MATH 1314)3
MAT 1093Precalculus (TCCN: MATH 2312)3
MAT 1133Calculus for Business (TCCN: MATH 1325)3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences (TCCN: MATH 2313)3
MAT 1213Calculus I (TCCN: MATH 2313)3
STA 1053Basic Statistics (TCCN: MATH 1342)3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology (TCCN: ANTH 2301)3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy (TCCN: ASTR 1303)3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System (TCCN: ASTR 1304)3
BIO 1203Biosciences I for Science Majors (TCCN: BIOL 1306)3
BIO 1223Biosciences II for Science Majors (TCCN: BIOL 1307)3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I (TCCN: BIOL 1308)3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II (TCCN: BIOL 1309)3
CHE 1083Introduction to the Molecular Structure of Matter3
CHE 1093Introduction to Molecular Transformations3
ES 1113Environmental Botany (TCCN: BIOL 1311)3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology (TCCN: BIOL 1313)3
ES 1213Environmental Geology (TCCN: GEOL 1305)3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I (TCCN: ENVR 1301)3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II (TCCN: ENVR 1302)3
GEO 1013The Third Planet (TCCN: GEOL 1301)3
GEO 1033Geology of North American National Parks (TCCN: GEOL 1302)3
GEO 1123Life Through Time (TCCN: GEOL 1304)3
GES 2613Intro to Physical Geography (TCCN: GEOG 1301)3
NDT 2043Introduction to Nutritional Sciences3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I (TCCN: PHYS 2325)3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II (TCCN: PHYS 2326)3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment (TCCN: ARCH 1311)3
ARC 2423History of Architecture II (TCCN: ARCH 1302)3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I (TCCN: CHIN 1411)4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
COM 2313Introduction to Media Studies3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I (TCCN: ENGL 2332)3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II (TCCN: ENGL 2333)3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures (TCCN: HUMA 2323)3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature (TCCN: ENGL 2341)3
ENG 2023Literature and Film3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
ENG 2443Persuasion and Rhetoric3
FRN 1014Elementary French I (TCCN: FREN 1411)4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I (TCCN: GERM 1411)4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GES 1023World Regions & Global Change (TCCN: GEOG 1303)3
GLA 1013US in Global Context3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century (TCCN: HIST 2321)3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century (TCCN: HIST 2322)3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions (TCCN: PHIL 1304)3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I (TCCN: ITAL 1411)4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I (TCCN: JAPN 1411)4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I (TCCN: LATI 1411)4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicana/x/o Studies (TCCN: HUMA 1305)3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking (TCCN: PHIL 2303)3
PHI 2013Basic Philosophical Problems (TCCN: PHIL 1301)3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy (TCCN: PHIL 2316)3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2093Philosophy of The Americas3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I (TCCN: RUSS 1411)4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I (TCCN: SPAN 1411)4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WGSS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WGSS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Art History: Prehistory-1350 (TCCN: ARTS 1303)3
AHC 1123Art History: 1350-Present (TCCN: ARTS 1304)3
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ARC 2413History of Architecture I (TCCN: ARCH 1301)3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts (TCCN: ARTS 1301)3
ART 1113Image Culture3
BBL 2023Latino Cultural Expressions (TCCN: HUMA 1311)3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance (TCCN: DANC 2303)3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I (TCCN: HUMA 1301)3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II (TCCN: HUMA 1302)3
HUM 2053History of Film (TCCN: HUMA 1315)3
MAS 2023Latina/x/o Cultural Expressions (TCCN: HUMA 1311)3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2633American Roots Music (TCCN: MUSI 1310)3
MUS 2653Music in Culture3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz (TCCN: MUSI 1310)3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Popular Music (TCCN: MUSI 1310)3
MUS 2683History and Styles of Western Art Music (TCCN: MUSI 1306)3
MUS 2713History of Recorded Music3
MUS 2733History of the American Musical Theater3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era (TCCN: HIST 1301)3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present (TCCN: HIST 1302)3
HIS 2053Texas History (TCCN: HIST 2301)3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics (TCCN: GOVT 2305)3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society (TCCN: GOVT 2306)3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America (TCCN: GOVT 2306)3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology (TCCN: ANTH 2346)3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology (TCCN: ANTH 2302)3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (TCCN: ANTH 2351)3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society (TCCN: ANTH 2351)3
BBL 2243Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools: National and Transnational Experiences (TCCN: ANTH 2351)3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System (TCCN: CRIJ 1301)3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues (TCCN: ECON 1301)3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics (TCCN: ECON 2302)3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
ES 1003Survey Topics in Environmental Studies3
GES 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GES 2623Human Geography: People, Place, Culture (TCCN: GEOG 1302)3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health (TCCN: PHED 1304)3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
KIN 2123Exercise as Medicine (TCCN: KINE 1338)3
NDRB 1033Drugs and Society (TCCN: PHED 1346)3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology (TCCN: PSYC 2301)3
REGS 2003Intersectional Approaches to Social Justice3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology (TCCN: SOCI 1301)3
SOC 2013Social Problems (TCCN: SOCI 1306)3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use (TCCN: SOCI 2340)3
SWK 1013Introduction to Social Work3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional Core Curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core component area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking (core component area 091, TCCN: SPCH 1315)3
EGR 1403Technical Communication (core component area 091)3
ENG 2413Technical Writing (core component area 091, TCCN: ENGL 2311)3
PAD 1113Public Administration and Policy in American Society (core component area 097)3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic (core component area 092, TCCN: PHIL 2303)3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Gateway Courses

Students pursuing the B.A. degree in Geosciences must successfully complete each of the following Gateway Courses with a grade of “C-” or better in no more than two attempts. A student who is unable to successfully complete these courses within two attempts, including dropping a course with a grade of “W” or taking an equivalent course at another institution, will be required to change their major.

GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory

Degree Requirements

A. Required Major Courses (34 hours)
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 2113Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)3
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113Geologic Field Investigations3
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373Geochemistry3
GEO 4001Experiential Learning Experience1
B. Required Support Courses (18 hours)
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1213Calculus I3
Select one of the following:4
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory
Select one of the following:4
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory
C. Geosciences Electives (16 hours) *16
D. Free Electives (19 hours) *19
Total Credit Hours87
*

In Sections C and D above, select 16 Geosciences elective credit hours and 19 free elective credit hours to meet the 120 semester credit hour degree minimum with an appropriate number of credit hours at the upper-division level to meet the UTSA minimum of 39 upper-division hours. If PHY 1943 and PHY 1963 are taken under Section B above, MAT 1223 should be used to fulfill 3 hours of electives.

Concentration

The B.A. degree in Geosciences offers a concentration for students interested in becoming 6–12th grade Physical Sciences teachers through the UTeachSA program.

Concentration in Grades 6–12 Physical Science Teacher Certification

The B.A. degree in Geosciences with a Concentration in Grades 6–12 Physical Science Teacher Certification is designed to prepare students for professional careers in teaching Physical Science—including earth sciences, physics, and chemistry—at the secondary level. The program of study is structured around a comprehensive Geosciences curriculum and state requirements for grades 6–12 Physical Science Teacher Certification. Students cannot receive a B.A. degree with Teacher Certification without completing the teacher certification coursework. A student who does not complete the Physical Science teacher certification must transfer to the general B.A. or B.S. in Geosciences program. 

The coursework within the Concentration in Grades 6–12 Physical Science Teacher Certification must be completed with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or better.

Criminal History Policy and Acknowledgement for Teacher Preparation Programs

Teacher preparation programs at UTSA require fieldwork in public schools, which requires students to be able to pass a criminal background check. It is the responsibility of the student to determine if their criminal history background will present a problem before applying for admission to the teacher preparation program. Students with a problematic criminal history will encounter difficulty in completing any fieldwork requirements and may not be able to complete the program. The University of Texas at San Antonio is required to inform students of the requirements set forth by the Texas Occupation Code, Chapter 53, Sections 53.001 through 53.105.

All candidates for the Concentration in Grades 6–12 Physical Teacher Certification must complete the following:

ESL 3083Second Language Teaching and Learning for Grades 7-123
LTED 3773Reading and Writing Across the Disciplines-Grades 7–123
SPE 3603Introduction to Special Education3
UTE 1111Introduction to STEM Teaching Step 11
UTE 1122Introduction to STEM Teaching Step 22
UTE 3023Perspectives on Science and Mathematics3
UTE 3203Knowing and Learning in Mathematics and Science3
UTE 3213Classroom Interactions3
UTE 4203Project-Based Instruction3
UTE 4646Clinical Teaching6
Total Credit Hours30

Course Sequence Guide for B.A. Degree in Geosciences

This course sequence guide is designed to assist students in completing their UTSA undergraduate Geosciences degree requirements. This course sequence is only a guide, and students must satisfy other requirements of this catalog and meet with their academic advisor for individualized degree plans. Progress within this guide depends upon such factors as course availability, individual student academic preparation, student time management, work obligations, and individual financial considerations. Students may choose to take courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters.

B.A. in Geosciences – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1243 AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
CS 1173 Data Analysis and Visualization 3
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
MAT 1213 Calculus I 3
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II 3
 Credit Hours13
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
GEO Elective 3
Political Science (core) 3
Free Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO 2113 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 3
Select one of the following: 4
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers I
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers I Laboratory (core)
Free Elective 3
GEO Elective 3
Language, Philosophy & Culture (core) 3
 Credit Hours16
Third Year
Fall
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
Select one of the following: 4
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
or
Physics for Scientists and Engineers II
and Physics for Scientists and Engineers II Laboratory (core)
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Spring
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
Free Elective 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours14
Fourth Year
Fall
GEO 4001 Experiential Learning Experience 1
GEO Elective 3
GEO Elective 3
American History (core) 3
Political Science (core) 3
Free elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
GEO Elective 3
American History (core) 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3
Free Elective 2
 Credit Hours17
 Total Credit Hours120
1

These laboratory courses include a lecture component as indicated on the University Schedule of Classes.

Note: Some courses are only offered once a year: Fall or Spring. Check with the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences for scheduling of courses.

B.A. in Geosciences with a Concentration in 6–12 Physical Science Teacher Concentration – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1243 AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences 3
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
UTE 1111 Introduction to STEM Teaching Step 1 1
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
PHY 1603
PHY 1611
Algebra-based Physics I
and Algebra-based Physics I Laboratory
4
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II 3
American History (core) 3
UTE 1122 Introduction to STEM Teaching Step 2 2
 Credit Hours16
Summer
American History (core) 3
Social & Behavioral Sciences (core) 3
Component Area Option (core) 3
 Credit Hours9
Second Year
Fall
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
GEO 3373 Geochemistry 3
UTE 3203 Knowing and Learning in Mathematics and Science 3
Life and Physical Sciences (core) 3
Social Sciences (core) 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
PHY 1623
PHY 1631
Algebra-based Physics II
and Algebra-based Physics II Laboratory
4
UTE 3213 Classroom Interactions 3
Creative Arts (core) 3
Intro to American Politics (core) 3
Language/Philosophy/Culture (core) 3
 Credit Hours16
Summer
Texas Politics (core) 3
 Credit Hours3
Third Year
Fall
GEO 2113 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 3
GEO 3063
GEO 3071
Paleontology
and Paleontology Laboratory
4
GEO 3113 Geologic Field Investigations 3
UTE 3023 Perspectives on Science and Mathematics 3
 Credit Hours13
Spring
GEO 3103
GEO 3111
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 3123
GEO 3131
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
and Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory
4
SPE 3603 Introduction to Special Education 3
UTE 4203 Project-Based Instruction 3
 Credit Hours14
Fourth Year
Fall
ESL 3083 Second Language Teaching and Learning for Grades 7-12 3
LTED 3773 Reading and Writing Across the Disciplines-Grades 7–12 3
GEO Elective 3
GEO Elective 3
 Credit Hours12
Spring
UTE 4646 Clinical Teaching 6
 Credit Hours6
 Total Credit Hours120

Note: Some courses are only offered once a year: Fall or Spring. Check with the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences for scheduling of courses.

Minor in Geosciences

The Geosciences minor is designed for students in a variety of fields who desire a scientific understanding of the planet Earth, including Earth materials and processes and the history of the planet and its life. The Minor may be particularly relevant to majors including education, archaeology, geography, environmental science/studies, engineering, and many others.

All students pursuing the Minor in Geosciences must complete 18 semester credit hours. All coursework must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

A. Required courses
GEO 1103
GEO 1111
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 1123
GEO 1131
Life Through Time
and Life Through Time Laboratory
4
GEO 2003
GEO 2011
Mineralogy
and Mineralogy Laboratory
4
or GEO 3004 Rocks, Fossils, and Global Tectonics
B. Electives
Approved upper-division geology electives6
Total Credit Hours18

To declare a Minor in Geosciences, obtain advice about prerequisites about approved upper-division geosciences electives, or seek approval of substitutions for course requirements, students should consult their academic advisor. 

Certificate in Geographic Information System

Understanding and use of geospatial information is needed to address issues related to geological, environmental, biological, physical, business, and social processes. The objectives of the program is to train undergraduate students from any discipline at UTSA to be experts in using Geographic Information System (GIS) tools for creating, operating, and managing geospatial data, making professional maps, and analyzing data for various science and technique applications. This is an interdisciplinary program and it is administrated through the Earth and Planetary Sciences department. Courses currently offered through different departments (Earth and Planetary Sciences, Integrated Biology, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Political Science and Geography) can be used for the certificate program.

The requirement for the certificate is 15 semester credit hours (five courses). Courses taken in the certificate program may be applied towards other B.S. or B.A. degrees, depending on program requirements and with approval of the undergraduate advisor of record of the degree program. Students who are not currently in any UTSA degree program can apply as non-degree-seeking special students at the undergraduate level to pursue this certificate. 

A. One of the following:3
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
B. One of the following:3
Introduction to Geospatial Technologies
Spatial Analysis
C. One of the following:3
Principles of Remote Sensing
GIS Cartography
D. Required Earth and Planetary Sciences courses:6
Web GIS
Programming and Statistics for GIS
Total Credit Hours15

Geology (GEO) Courses

GEO 1013. The Third Planet. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1301)

Evolution of ideas concerning the earth’s origin, structure, and age; social impact of recognizing the antiquity of the planet and humankind’s brief presence; examination of how the distribution of planetary resources and climate change influenced the rise and clash of civilizations. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. May not be applied to a major in geosciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fee: DL01 $75; LRC1 $12; LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 1033. Geology of North American National Parks. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1302)

Explores the geology of the national parks of North America, including evaluation of the relationships between plate tectonics, the rock cycle, and landscapes preserved within our national parks. This course highlights the formation of the North American continent through examination of the iconic formations of the North American national parks including The Grand Canyon, Yellowstone, Yosemite, and others, with a special look at the geology of the two national parks in Texas. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. May not be applied to a major in geology. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.2; STSI $21.6; LRC1 $12.

GEO 1103. Physical Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1303)

Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in GEO 1111. This course is intended for geosciences majors and minors as well as others interested in the geologic sciences. It constitutes an introduction to the geosciences major and skillsets needed by the practicing geologist including; mineral and rock identification, deep time, outcrop descriptions, and mapping. The course includes an introduction to the theory of plate tectonics and its relation to the Earth’s internal structure, surface features, hydrosphere, earthquakes, and volcanism. One or more field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fee: LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 1111. Physical Geology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = GEOL 1103)

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 1103. Relation of the earth’s present processes to its resources, structure, and internal composition. Field and laboratory study of minerals, rocks, maps, and aerial and satellite photos. Field trips may be required. (Formerly titled "Introduction to Earth Systems Laboratory.") Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: IUE1 $15; LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20.

GEO 1123. Life Through Time. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1304)

Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in GEO 1131 recommended. A study of the origin and evolution of life on Earth including major events from the beginning of the Earth and solar system to the present, as well as the interaction of life with the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. This course will explore the fossil record, sedimentary rocks, plate tectonics, evolution, and climate change. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRC1 $12; LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60; DL01 $75.

GEO 1131. Life Through Time Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = GEOL 1104)

Prerequisite: GEO 1111, completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 1123. Laboratory and field study of minerals, rocks, fossils, sequences of rocks, and mapping for the interpretation of life through time and the interpretation of Earth's history. This course is intended and required for Geological Science majors and minors and will introduce students to many concepts covered in upper-level courses. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fee: IUE1 $15; LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20.

GEO 2003. Mineralogy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 1103, CHE 1121, GEO 1103, GEO 1111, MAT 1093 or higher, or satisfactory performance on placement exam, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 2011. Crystallography, crystal chemistry, and the physical and optical properties of minerals. Principles of optical mineralogy and the microscopic determination of nonopaque minerals. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60.

GEO 2011. Mineralogy Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 2003. Laboratory study of crystal models, crystals, and minerals. Use of physical properties and the petrographic microscope for mineral identification. Field trips may be required. (Formerly GEO 2012. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 2011 and GEO 2012.) Generally offered: Fall. Course Fee: IUE1 $15; LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20.

GEO 2043. Scientific Methods in Geosciences. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

The goal of this class is to apply fundamental scientific methods in Earth Sciences. Students will learn mathematics using Geosciences’ examples. Fundamental theories and principles on the physics and chemistry of the Earth System will be introduced and applied using scientific methods. This course aims to improve students’ knowledge and skills of scientific approaches involved in Geosciences. After successfully completing this course, students will be prepared for advanced level courses requiring college level mathematics, chemistry, and physics in Earth Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRS1 $46.2; STSI $21.6.

GEO 2113. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

This course will serve as a basic introduction to the concepts and techniques of utilizing a Geographic Information System (GIS) to study and model environmental issues. In lecture and laboratory, students will study methods of querying, analyzing, creating, and displaying GIS data utilizing industry-standard software. Students will also be introduced to using the Global Positioning System (GPS) as a means for creating GIS data. (Same as ES 2113. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 2113 and ES 2113.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fee: LRS1 $46.20; STSI $21.60; IUE1 $15.

GEO 3001. Preparation for the Geoscience Workforce. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1123, and at least junior standing. This course provides the opportunity to engage in professional development activities in preparation for a career in the geosciences and aligned fields. Activities will include workshops, seminars, and assignments. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 3003. Fundamentals of Meteorology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to atmospheric sciences and the dynamic world of weather using real-world current environmental data. The course covers the composition and structure of the atmosphere, the flow of energy into, through, and out of the atmosphere, and the resulting motions from local to global scales. The impact of weather on humans, particularly severe weather, is studied, emphasizing basic physical principles of atmospheric phenomena. Analysis methods are introduced as the students study current meteorological data delivered via the Internet. Generally offered: Fall (online). Differential Tuition: $150. Course fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 3004. Rocks, Fossils, and Global Tectonics. (2-6) 4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 1103 and GEO 1111. An investigation of the major rock forming minerals, petrogenesis of the major rock types, and their plate tectonic context. Study of major trends in fauna and flora through time and their application to interpreting plate tectonics, paleoenvironments, and paleoclimate. Credit may not be applied to a B.S. or B.A. in Geosciences degrees. Differential Tuition: $200. Course Fee: DL01 $100.

GEO 3013. Fundamentals of Plate Tectonics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and MAT 1093. This course introduces the student to the mechanics of lithospheric plate motion and the physical phenomena driving the motion. The relationships between plate tectonics, mantle convection, and geomagnetism are explored, as well as common structures associated with plate boundaries. Mathematical models are introduced and used to describe plate motion on a sphere. Historical development of plate tectonic theory is also covered. Generally offered spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3043. Petrology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and MAT 1213 (or MAT 1214 in previous catalogs). Description, classification, occurrence, and origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3051. Petrology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3043. Laboratory study of igneous and metamorphic rocks in hand specimen and thin section. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 3063. Paleontology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 1123, GEO 1131, or consent of instructor, and concurrent enrollment in GEO 3071. Study of fossil animals and plants. Emphasis on invertebrate animals. Systematics, biostratigraphy, paleoecology, and evolution of fossil organisms. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3071. Paleontology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: GEO 1123, GEO 1131, and concurrent enrollment in GEO 3063. Study of fossil specimens, collections, and preparation techniques. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $50. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 3103. Structural Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 3113, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3111. Description and origin of geologic structures at the microscopic, hand specimen and mountain scales with emphasis on the response of Earth materials to stress and the role of rheology. Relationships between structure and tectonics will be explored. Field trip required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3111. Structural Geology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3103. Laboratory study of structural features and concepts using maps, cross-sections, photographs, and descriptive geometric and stereographic methods. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 3113. Geologic Field Investigations. (1-6) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 1103 and GEO 1111. Introduction to techniques for studying geologic features and processes in the field, including rock identification, measuring stratigraphic sections, and construction of geological maps and cross sections. Some half-day and Saturday field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3123. Sedimentation and Stratigraphy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3131. Processes of erosion, transportation, and deposition that form bodies of sedimentary rock. Depositional systems and modeling are a significant area of study. Stratigraphic principles and temporal and spatial facies relationships at various scales. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3131. Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: GEO 2003, GEO 2011, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3123. Laboratory studies of sedimentary processes and their products. Hand specimens, thin sections, sedimentary structures, and interpretation of depositional environments. Stratigraphic case studies, including surface, subsurface, and sequence stratigraphic analysis. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $50. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 3163. Oceanography. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the role of the ocean in the Earth system by using real-world oceanographic data. Topics covered include the flow of energy into and out of the ocean and the motions that result; physical and chemical properties of ocean water; ocean circulation; marine life and habitats; and the interaction of the ocean with the other components of the Earth system (hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere). It provides the scientific basis for understanding the world ocean. An optional field trip may be offered. (Same as ES 3133. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 3163 and ES 3133.) Generally offered: Fall (online only, some set time), Spring (online). Differential Tuition: $150. Course Fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 3173. The Cryosphere. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course covers properties, areal distribution, seasonal change and climatic change of the major constituents of the cryosphere: the large ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica; seasonal snow cover in the high and mid latitudes; sea ice covers in the Arctic, Southern Ocean, and other seas; mountain glaciers from the tropics to the polar regions; and permafrost in the high latitude land areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Methods of cryospheric research will be introduced such as remote sensing and in situ field investigations. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3343. Introduction to Geospatial Technologies. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces several aspects of geospatial technologies, not only what they are but how they are used in hands-on applications, all based on free internet resources not commercial software packages. This course provides a solid foundation on which further knowledge in more specialized classes, such as Geographic Information Systems, Global Positioning Systems, and Remote Sensing, can be built on. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3373. Geochemistry. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 1103 and CHE 1121. A survey of geochemical processes and the distribution of elements in the earth. Application of geochemical methods and data to the solution of geologic problems. Includes geochemical laboratory experiments and use of analytical equipment. Incorporates use of standard computer software for analysis of geochemical data and graphing of results. Students taking this class will learn to describe the role that modern geochemistry plays in all aspects of Earth Sciences, solve geochemical problems using geochemical data sets, and explain geochemical processes that take place at depth and at the surface of our planet. Generally offered Fall. Differential Tuition: $150. Course Fee: IUE1 $15.

GEO 3383. General Geophysics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in MAT 1223 and PHY 1963. This course examines the interrelated geology and physics of the Earth’s interior as deduced from earthquake seismology, gravity and magnetic fields, and the introduction of geophysical survey methods to the exploration of near-surface cultural and natural resources. Topics in archaeological, environmental, geological, and engineering geophysics will be explored. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3393. Introduction to Isotope Geochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1213. The course includes a review of theories of nuclear structure, stability of nucleus, nucleosynthesis and origin of elements, and introduces both radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry. Topics include radioactive decay schemes for tritium-helium, U-Pb, Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, K-Ar, and U-Th-Pb-He systems; isotopic fractionations of stable isotopes of C, H, O, N, and S; and application of radiogenic and stable isotopes to petrology, evolution of the crust and mantle, geochronology, geothermometry, archaeology, ecology, hydrology, and paleoclimatic interpretation. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3403. Biogeochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093, or consent of instructor. This course will provide theoretical and conceptual knowledge regarding important topics in biogeochemistry, including how elements are cycled in lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere, as well as discussing the impact of water and energy associated with these cycles. We follow the elements most necessary for life on earth from their origins in the universe through the present day and consider their future in a warming climate. Basic metabolic pathways of life and mechanisms of biogeochemical transformations of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, and other weathering-derived elements are discussed. Biogeochemical processes associated with natural water chemistry (surface, groundwater, ocean water, and atmospheric waters - specifically wetlands, oceans, estuaries, soils, and sediments), will be covered with theory, case studies, and numerical calculations. A portion of class will also focus on interactions between natural organic matter and microbial processes that catalyze the cycling of elements of human health concern. Simple calculations using spreadsheet programs will be used to understand some of the biogeochemical processes in a quantitative manner. These Earth systems and processes are innately complex in nature. This course aims to support students' understanding of these systems through lecture, literature, and group assignments. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 3413. Introduction to Earth System Science and Remote Sensing. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed for students in sciences or engineering to get basic knowledge about the Earth system and some compelling science problems related to ice, snow, water, atmosphere, and ocean. The second part of the course will include some basic knowledge of remote sensing and how different remote sensing technology can be used to sense these different types of earth environments. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4001. Experiential Learning Experience. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

The opportunity to apply geological principles and skills during a semester-long internship in an organization that utilizes geoscience to accomplish its mission. The grade report for this course is either "CR" (satisfactory participation in the internship) or "NC" (unsatisfactory participation in the internship). Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4002. Experiential Learning Experience. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

The opportunity to apply geological principles and skills during a semester-long internship in an organization that utilizes geoscience to accomplish its mission. The grade report for this course is either "CR" (satisfactory participation in the internship) or "NC" (unsatisfactory participation in the internship). Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $100.

GEO 4003. Experiential Learning Experience. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

The opportunity to apply geological principles and skills during a semester-long internship in an organization that utilizes geoscience to accomplish its mission. The grade report for this course is either "CR" (satisfactory participation in the internship) or "NC" (unsatisfactory participation in the internship). Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4013. Volcanology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 3043 and either PHY 1623 or PHY 1943, or consent of instructor. A survey of volcanoes and volcanic processes, including historically important volcanic eruptions and the prediction and mitigation of volcanic hazards. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4023. Engineering Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: PHY 1963 (engineering majors only) or PHY 1603 or PHY 1943, and MAT 1213 (or MAT 1214 in previous catalogs); or consent of instructor. Geologic factors in siting, design, and construction of structures. Geotechnical properties of rocks and soils. Case studies. May not be applied to a major in Geosciences. Generally offered: Fall and Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4033. Profession of Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 2113, GEO 3123, GEO 3131, GEO 3113. This course is designed to provide the basic knowledge required by the ASBOG National Geologist Examination (Fundamentals) for licensure as a Professional Geologist, and introduces the geoscience student to the fundamentals of professional practice that impact, health, safety, and well-being of the public. The emphasis will be on principles and practices of geoscience that affect the economy, feasibility and design of engineering works, sitting criteria, site selection and investigation, human-land interactions, site assessment, liability, responsibility, professional report writing, and licensure. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4043. Big Data Analysis for Extreme Environments. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course will touch on three basic aspects of data science and technology: geospatial data, data assimilation and modeling, and cloud computation and big data analytics. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4053. Climate Change: Past, Present, Future. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the Earth’s climate system using real-world environmental data. Climate change is investigated with proxy records of the past, direct observations of the present, and climate model simulations of the future to understand both natural and human effects. The course also addresses how energy use and policy impacts climate change as well as how society is affected by it. Generally offered: Spring (online). Differential Tuition: $150. Course fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 4063. Advanced Environmental Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 and GEO 1111. An analysis of human interaction with geologic systems; the risks and effects of natural geologic hazards such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and floods. Topics will include the effects of human activity on natural systems such as groundwater quality and recharge, river systems, coastal hazards, energy resources, and climate change. The meaning of "sustainability" as a long-term concept and tools to assess and work with Earth systems to avoid endangering human life and property are also topics that are applied and addressed. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4073. Web GIS. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2113 or GEO 2113 or GEO 3343, or consent of instructor. This course will focus upon developing GIS applications to be served out via the Internet or a Local Area Network (LAN). Additional topics include the use of Web authoring software. The course presents and introductory level skill set for the creation and publishing of web mapping applications using the ESRI ArcGIS Online resources and available tools. The technical focus of the course includes computer lab tutorials and case studies. Differential Tuition: $150. Course fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 4083. Computer Application for Geoscience. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

In this course, Geosciences students will be introduced to means to input their valuable field and lab measurements into computer systems for further processing and analysis. Students will learn the principles and fundamentals of computer programming from the Project Management point of view. By visualizing and implementing the Program Development Cycle and introducing a few programming environments (Visual Basic for Applications, Python, UNIX shell programming) students will learn how to define a problem, devise a computational solution and implement it. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4093. Principles of Remote Sensing. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: MAT 1213 (or MAT 1214 in previous catalogs) or higher and PHY 1943. This course will provide a thorough introduction to remote sensing theory, technology, and application. The emphasis in this course is on understanding the underlying principles of acquiring, interpreting, and applying data from imaging systems covering the electromagnetic spectrum from the ultraviolet through the microwave. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4103. Programming and Statistics for GIS. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2113 or GEO 2113 or GEO 3343, or consent of instructor. This course provides students with the basics of Python programming language and how GIS uses it as a scripting language to perform sophisticated statistical, map, and analysis calculations. They will be able to understand the desired outcomes of a project and organize tasks and processes to achieve said goal. Students will learn and master powerful Python tools that automate procedures, and carry out integration with data from many applications. As a result, they will have the ability to transform or create robust GIS datasets, and provide with in depth analysis leading to solid decision making. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4113. Geomorphology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 or GES 2613, or consent of instructor, and junior or senior standing. In-depth study of processes that erode and deposit sediment on the Earth’s surface. Sediment supply and transport capacity driving sediment transfers that change landscapes. Case studies illustrate role of geomorphic knowledge in addressing environmental problems. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150. Course fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 4121. Geomorphology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 or GES 2613, completion of or enrollment in GEO 4113, and junior or senior standing, or consent of instructor. Geomorphic concepts applied to solve specified problems. Emphasis on geomorphic data, analysis techniques, and interpretation to gain understanding and address environmental problems. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4133. River Science. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103 or GES 2613, or consent of instructor, and junior or senior standing. An in-depth examination of river sediment transport principles. Topics include water and sediment supply, sediment dynamics, river morphology, and channel instability. Field trips may be required. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4203. Aqueous Geochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 3373, or consent of instructor. This course will facilitate to understand in detail the fundamental (primarily thermodynamic) controls on the composition of natural waters and the response of natural waters to variations in various physico-chemical parameters. Characterization of dissolved organic matter in natural waters will be introduced. This course will explore applications to environmental problems like contaminants migration in waters (ground waters, surface waters), weathering, etc., learn to solve numerical problems related to the behavior of chemical components in natural waters, and gain familiarity with simple analytical techniques for the characterization of natural waters. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4213. Chemical Hydrology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 3373 or GEO 4623, or consent of instructor. Discussion of the basic chemical principles of the water cycle, as well as environmentally relevant applications based on case studies. Detailed Groundwater Hydrogeochemistry, Surface Water Hydrogeochemistry, Surface water and Groundwater Interaction - Geochemical Principles governing, Quantitative and Modeling analysis and geologic effects on quality and flow of groundwater. Coverage of contemporary global issues related to water resources, including pollution control, environmental rehabilitation, sustainable development, and global warming exploration of anthropogenic. Topics include land-atmosphere interactions, movement of water and water rock interaction, contaminant transport in groundwater systems. ASBOG Test Syllabus and web-based teaching are followed. (Formerly GEO 4204. Credit cannot be earned for both GEO 4204 and GEO 4213.) Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4303. Geomicrobiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093, or consent of instructor. The overall objective of this course is to give you an understanding of how microorganisms impact geological environments and how geological environments, in turn, influence microbial activity. The course is divided into three units: (1) Fundamentals of geomicrobiology. Here you will learn about the basic properties of microbes, how we characterize them, and how they function. We will also discuss the major biogeochemical cycles. This portion of the course will lay the foundation for learning about microbial interactions with geological environments. (2) Influence of geological environments on microorganisms. This portion of the course examines environmental controls that influence who exist within microbial communities and what kinds of reactions they carry out. We will emphasize use of thermodynamic calculations to analyze microbial communities and predict behavior. (3) Impacts of microbial activity on geological environments. We will begin this portion of the course with an overview of ways microbes impact their environments and then focus our discussion on impacts of microbial activity on water resources. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4313. Biogeochemical Modeling. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, CHE 1103, CHE 1121, and MAT 1093, or consent of instructor. Students taking this course will learn how to quantitatively analyze biogeochemical reaction systems using popular geochemical modeling software, The Geochemists Workbench®. Along the way students will develop employable skills, enrich their understanding of biogeochemical reaction systems. The course will be based on a series of active learning computer exercises. Student will use the software to determine species distributions in natural waters, calculate redox pH diagrams, model the kinetics of microbial reactions, simulate rates of mineral dissolution/precipitation, create reaction path models and transport models, and determine rates of reactions and more. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4453. Natural Hazards. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: GEO 1103, and PHY 1623 or PHY 1943. Natural hazards include tectonic (e.g. earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanoes), weather and climate (e.g. floods, hurricanes, wildfires), and extra-terrestrial (e.g. meteorite impacts, gamma ray bursts). Focus on understanding hazard vs risk, recurrence intervals and probabilistic forecasting, and local vs. regional vs. global scale catastrophic events. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4503. Hydrogeophysics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: MAT 1213 or higher, PHY 1963, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 4511. The presence of water and other fluids in subsurface formations, from the macro aquifer level to the micro pore level, are ultimately detected and observed through the application of geophysical principles and survey methods.This course will explore the fundamental science of hydrological geophysics, through the examination of the fundamental petrophysics and the various geophysical surface and borehole methods, such as seismic refraction, electrical resistivity and induced polarization, electromagnetic induction, microgravimetry, and geo-radar as applied to hydrogeologic investigations. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4511. Hydrogeophysics Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 4503. Laboratory and field-based course exploring geophysical survey systems, survey planning, data collection and analysis. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4623. Groundwater Hydrogeology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 1103, GEO 1111, PHY 1943, and MAT 1213 (or MAT 1214 in previous catalogs). Hydrologic cycle and the occurrence and movement of groundwater. Recharge and discharge of aquifers; water quality; exploration and development of groundwater supplies. Field trips may be required. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4813. Planetary Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: PHY 1963, or consent of instructor. This course is designed for students in the Sciences or Engineering and no prior Geological knowledge is assumed, although Earth will be our point of reference. Survey of the interior and surface geology of solid bodies in our Solar System and beyond (planets, moons, asteroids, comets, Kuiper Belt Objects and exoplanets). Topics will include bulk composition and differentiation of planetary interiors, surface processes such as (cryo-) volcanism and meteorite impacts, erosion and sedimentation by fluids and wind, and heat transfer styles. There will be an emphasis on how we know things and what we don't know, quantifying uncertainties in measurements and models, and the nature of planetary scientific enquiry. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4823. Geochronology and Tectonics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 2003 and GEO 2011. Study of traditional and recently developed techniques (U-Pb, Ar-Ar, [U-Th]/He, fission track, cosmogenic nuclides, and paleo-altimetry) used to date earth materials and events. Course starts with a history of geochronology as a science utilizing lectures and literature reviews, followed by hands-on experience modeling ages of tectonic events and interpreting the results using published datasets. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4883. Petroleum Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in GEO 3103 and GEO 3123, or consent of instructor. Integrated study of the generation, migration, and entrapment of hydrocarbons in conventional and unconventional petroleum systems. Survey of surface and subsurface geological and geophysical techniques for exploration, development, and production using professional software. Case studies of petroleum systems including economic aspects of the petroleum industry. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4911. Independent Study. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Approval from the instructor, the Department Chair, and the Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies in the College for which this course is offered; registration Form available on UTSA OneStop website. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree in geosciences. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4912. Independent Study. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Approval from the instructor, the Department Chair, and the Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies in the College for which this course is offered; registration form available on UTSA OneStop website. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Differential Tuition: $100.

GEO 4913. Independent Study. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Approval from the instructor, the Department Chair, and the Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies in the College for which this course is offered; registration form available on UTSA OneStop website. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4933. Field Geology Part I. (1-6) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 3103, GEO 3111, GEO 3123, and GEO 3131 or consent of instructor. Geologic mapping and structural analysis of data collected in the field. Taught for three weeks only in the summer session. Special fee covers cost of transportation, room, and board while in the field. Generally offered: Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4943. Field Geology Part II. (1-6) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEO 4933 or consent of instructor. Part II: In this course, students will conduct a laboratory analysis of samples collected during the first half to determine continent-scale environmental change across North America. Students will gain hands-on experience with x-ray fluorescence analysis and making thin sections. In addition, to the lab work, they will perform a structural analysis of maps and cross-sections they made during the first half. This analysis with use ArcGIS and Move software packages. Generally offered: Summer. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4951. Special Studies in Geology. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Course Fees: LRS1 $15.40; STSI $7.20. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4952. Special Studies in Geology. (2-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Differential Tuition: $100.

GEO 4953. Special Studies in Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall. Differential Tuition: $150. Course fee: DL01 $75.

GEO 4961. Special Studies in Geology Laboratory. (1-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized laboratory course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Differential Tuition: $50.

GEO 4963. Internship. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or Seniors in Academic Good Standing and approval from the employer, the instructor, the Department Chair, and the Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies; registration form available on the College of Sciences website. The opportunity for a semester-long work experience in a private business or public agency in a position related to the student’s field of study. Differential Tuition: $150.

GEO 4993. Directed Research. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Approval from the instructor, the Department Chair, and the Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies in the College for which this course is offered; form available on the College of Sciences website. Supervised research mentored by a faculty member engaged in active research within the student’s designated area of concentration. Students may produce a thesis in addition to active research. May be repeated. This course can also be used for students pursuing the COS Undergraduate Thesis Option. Differential Tuition: $150.