Department of Anthropology

The Department of Anthropology offers a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in Anthropology and minors in Anthropology, Archaeological Practice, and American Indian Studies. Department Honors may also be earned in Anthropology.

Department Honors

The Department of Anthropology awards Department Honors to certain of its outstanding students and provides the opportunity for advanced study under close faculty supervision.

Selection of students for honors designation is based on the student’s academic performance and recommendation by the faculty in the student’s major discipline. To be eligible for the program, students must have a minimum overall grade point average of 3.0 at UTSA and a minimum grade point average of 3.5 in their major at UTSA. The minimum grade point averages must be maintained for students to receive the approval of the Department Honors Committee and the discipline faculty. Students applying for Department Honors usually enroll in the appropriate honors thesis courses during their final two semesters, although other arrangements are possible with the approval of the faculty advisor. The completed thesis must be approved by the supervising faculty sponsor and another departmental faculty member.

Students interested in this program should contact their faculty advisors for additional information.

Bachelor of Arts Degree in Anthropology

The minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree, including Core Curriculum requirements, is 120. Thirty-nine of the total semester credit hours required for the degree must be at the upper-division level.

All candidates for this degree must fulfill the Core Curriculum requirements and the degree requirements, which are listed below.

As part of the College of Liberal and Fine Arts Signature Experience, which seeks to offer students opportunities to apply ideas and knowledge in real-world settings, the Department of Anthropology encourages students to take advantage of internships, independent studies, study abroad, research opportunities, and service learning as part of their undergraduate program of study. Internships are arranged through the Undergraduate Advisor of Record and are designed to provide students with experiences at a wide variety of institutions in the region, including the Department’s Center for Archaeological Research and the UTSA Institute of Texan Cultures. Independent studies are arranged in consultation with Anthropology faculty and may include research on areas not normally covered by organized coursework, work associated with a professor’s research, or a student’s independent research project. Faculty-led and other study abroad opportunities are organized by the Education Abroad Services office. Service learning is offered through the UTSA Student Activities Office and focuses on activities designed around civic engagements that address or meet community needs.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the B.A. degree in Anthropology must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. The courses listed below satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements; however, if these courses are taken to satisfy both requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

ANT 2033 may be used to help satisfy the Life and Physical Sciences component requirement. ANT 2043 or ANT 2053 will satisfy the Social and Behavioral Sciences component requirement. ANT 2063 may be used to satisfy the Language, Philosophy, and Culture component requirement. ANT 1013 is an elective course for the major in anthropology; it also will satisfy the Component Area Option of the Core Curriculum.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Inquiry and Scholarship3
AIS 1213AIS: Architecture, Construction, and Planning3
AIS 1223AIS: Arts and Humanities3
AIS 1233AIS: Business3
AIS 1243AIS: Engineering, Mathematics, and Sciences3
AIS 1253AIS: Interdisciplinary Education3
AIS 1263AIS: Life and Health Sciences3
AIS 1273AIS: Social Sciences and Public Policy3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications3
MAT 1043Introduction to Mathematics3
MAT 1053Mathematics for Business3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers3
MAT 1093Precalculus3
MAT 1133Calculus for Business3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
STA 1053Basic Statistics3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II3
BIO 1404Biosciences I4
BIO 1414Biosciences II4
CHE 1083Introduction to the Molecular Structure of Matter3
CHE 1093Introduction to Molecular Transformations3
ES 1113Environmental Botany3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology3
ES 1213Environmental Geology3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II3
GEO 1013The Third Planet3
GEO 1123Life Through Time3
GES 2613Physical Geography3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature3
ENG 2023Literature and Film3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
ENG 2443Persuasion and Rhetoric3
FRN 1014Elementary French I4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GES 1023World Regional Geography3
GLA 1013U.S. in the Global Arena3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicano(a) Studies3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking3
PHI 2013Basic Philosophical Problems3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WGSS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WGSS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Survey of Art and Architecture from Prehistoric Times to 13503
AHC 1123Survey of Art and Architecture in Europe and the New World from 1350 to 17503
AHC 1133Survey of Modern Art3
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ARC 2413History of Architecture I3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts3
BBL 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II3
HUM 2053History of Film3
MAS 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2633American Roots Music3
MUS 2653Music in Culture3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Rock3
MUS 2683History and Styles of Western Art Music3
MUS 2713History of Recorded Music3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present3
HIS 2053Texas History3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society3
BBL 2243Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools: National and Transnational Experiences3
BIO 1033Drugs and Society3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
GES 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GES 2623Human Geography3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 2013Social Problems3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional Core Curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core component area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking3
EGR 1403Technical Communication3
ENG 2413Technical Writing3
PAD 1113Public Administration and Policy in American Society3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Degree Requirements

A. 39 semester credit hours in the major, 24 of which must be at the upper-division level
1. Required courses:
ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
2. Upper-division semester credit hours distributed across these sub-disciplines:
Archaeology3
Cultural Anthropology3
Biological Anthropology3
3. Additional semester credit hours of anthropology electives chosen in consultation with the student's advisor, at least 15 semester credit hours of which must be upper division.18
B. Electives
39 semester credit hours of electives. In fulfillment of this requirement, students are encouraged to take at least 9 semester credit hours of upper-division coursework in disciplines that support the study of anthropology.39
Total Credit Hours78

Course Sequence Guide for B.A. Degree in Anthropology

This course sequence guide is designed to assist students in completing their UTSA undergraduate Anthropology degree requirements. This is merely a guide and students must satisfy other requirements of this catalog and meet with their academic advisor for individualized degree plans. Progress toward the degree depends upon such factors as course availability, individual student academic preparation, student time management, work obligations, and individual financial considerations. Students may choose to take courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters.

B.A. in Anthropology – Four-Year Academic Plan

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallCredit Hours
AIS 1203 Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
ANT 2043 Introduction to Archaeology (core and major) 3
HIS 1043
United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era (core)
or United States History: Civil War Era to Present
or Texas History
3
WRC 1013 Freshman Composition I (core) 3
Life and Physical Sciences core 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ANT 2033 Introduction to Biological Anthropology (core and major) 3
HIS 1043
United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era (core)
or United States History: Civil War Era to Present
or Texas History
3
WRC 1023 Freshman Composition II (core) 3
Creative Arts core 3
Mathematics core 3
 Credit Hours15
Second Year
Fall
ANT 2053 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology 3
POL 1013 Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Free elective 3
Component Area Option core 3
Upper-division Archaeology course 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ANT 2063 Language, Thought, and Culture (core and major) 3
POL 1133
Texas Politics and Society (core)
or Civil Rights in Texas and America
3
Free elective 3
Free elective 3
Upper-division Cultural Anthropology course 3
 Credit Hours15
Third Year
Fall
Free elective 3
Upper-division ANT elective 3
Upper-division Biological Anthropology course 3
Upper-division free elective 3
Upper-division support work 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
Upper-division ANT elective 3
Upper-division ANT elective 3
Free elective 3
Free elective 3
Upper-division support work 3
 Credit Hours15
Fourth Year
Fall
Free elective 3
Free elective 3
Upper-division ANT elective 3
Upper-division ANT elective 3
Upper-division support work 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
Free elective 3
Free elective 3
Upper-division ANT elective 3
Upper-division free elective 3
Upper-division free elective 3
 Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours120

Minor in Anthropology

All students pursuing a Minor in Anthropology must complete 18 semester credit hours.

A. Select three of the following courses:9
Introduction to Biological Anthropology
Introduction to Archaeology
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Language, Thought, and Culture
B. 9 additional upper-division semester credit hours distributed across these sub-disciplines:
Archaeology upper-division course3
Cultural Anthropology upper-division course3
Biological Anthropology upper-division course3
Total Credit Hours18

To declare a Minor in Anthropology, obtain advice, obtain lists of relevant courses, or seek approval of substitutions for course requirements, students should consult their academic advisor.

Minor in American Indian Studies

All students pursuing a Minor in American Indian Studies must complete 18 semester credit hours, at least 9 semester credit hours of which must be drawn from outside the student’s major. Hours are selected from the following:

AHC 3423Arts of Ancient Mesoamerica3
ANT 3153Indians of the Great Plains3
ANT 3203Native North Americans3
ANT 3253Archaeology of South America3
ANT 3263Archaeology of North America3
ANT 3273Civilizations of Mexico3
ANT 3303Nature and Culture in Greater Amazonia3
ANT 4113Archaeology of Texas3
ANT 4123Archaeology of the American Southwest3
HIS 3083History of the American West3
HIS 3113North American Indian Histories3
HIS 3403Pre-Hispanic and Colonial Latin America3

To declare a Minor in American Indian Studies, obtain advice, obtain lists of relevant courses, or seek approval of substitutions for course requirements, students should consult their academic advisor.

Minor in Archaeological Practice

The Minor in Archaeological Practice provides focused training in archaeology, particularly the methods and skills needed to carry out archaeological fieldwork.

All students pursuing a Minor in Archaeological Practice must complete 18 semester credit hours, distributed as below. Courses must be distributed across at least two departments.

A. Required introductory course:3
Introduction to Archaeology
B. Required methods-intensive, hands-on learning experience. Select one course from the following:3
Field Course in Archaeology
Field Course in Archaeology
Independent Study (if it involves working directly with archaeological materials)
Internship in Anthropology (if it involves working directly with archaeological materials)
Independent Study (if it involves working directly with archaeological materials)
C. Elective courses with an archaeology focus. Select four courses from the following:12
Great Discoveries in Archaeology
Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries
Archaeology of South America
Archaeology of North America
Civilizations of Mexico
Research Methods in Archaeology
Public Archaeology
Hunters and Gatherers - Past and Present
Anthropology of Material Culture
Death and Dying (when content is focused on archaeology)
Maya Civilization
Archaeology of Texas
Archaeology of the American Southwest
Ancient Mediterranean Art and Archaeology (when content is focused on archaeology)
Special Studies in Classics (when content is focused on archaeology)
Senior Seminar in Classics (when content is focused on archaeology)
Total Credit Hours18

To declare a Minor in Archaeological Practice, obtain advice, or seek approval of substitutions for course requirements, students should consult their academic advisor. Archaeological field schools administered by other universities may be used to fulfill the methods requirement in Section B, but students should obtain pre-approval from the department before signing up for outside field schools. 

Anthropology (ANT) Courses

ANT 1013. Introduction to Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = ANTH 2346)

Course content spans the study of human culture, past and present; its origins, development, and contemporary change; and the exploration of human physical and cultural differences using the paradigm of adaptation. This course fulfills all required learning objectives for the Social and Behavioral Sciences component of the core curriculum. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fees: DL01 $75; LRC1 $12; LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 2033. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = ANTH 2301)

A comprehensive evaluation of human biological diversity and its origins. Topics include anatomy, genetics, primate biology, and the human fossil record. Students will gain critical understanding of key theoretical and methodological issues in this anthropological sub-discipline. This course fulfills all required learning objectives for the Life and Physical Sciences component of the core curriculum. (Formerly titled "Introduction to Physical Anthropology.") Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer. Course Fees: DL01 $75; LRC1 $12; LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 2043. Introduction to Archaeology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = ANTH 2302)

This course presents archaeological approaches to understanding human cultures of the past. Students receive instruction in general anthropological concepts and specific archaeological methods and theories. Particular case studies are presented to illustrate several aspects of archaeological practice, and to show how archaeologists develop their understandings of cultural variation and change. The course fulfills all required learning objectives for the Social and Behavioral Sciences component of the core curriculum. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: DL01 $75; LRC1 $12; LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 2053. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = ANTH 2351)

This course offers students the opportunity to examine cross-cultural variation in contemporary societies around the world in an anthropological context. It emphasizes ethnographic descriptions to highlight cultural variability in economics, social structures, and ideologies. The course fulfills all required learning objectives for the Social and Behavioral Sciences component of the core curriculum. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: DL01 $75; LRC1 $12; LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 2063. Language, Thought, and Culture. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course surveys anthropological approaches to the cross-cultural study of language, emphasizing linkages among language, expressive culture, systems of belief and value, and the production of cultural meaning. The effects of social context upon speech are examined as are relations of inequality and power that shape linguistic interaction. Instruction is also given in the fundamentals of descriptive linguistics. The course fulfills all required learning objectives for the Language, Philosophy, and Culture component of the core curriculum. Generally offered: Fall, Spring. Course Fees: LRC1 $12; LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3023. Great Discoveries in Archaeology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course surveys some of the greatest discoveries made by archaeologists in the last 300 years. Specific archaeological sites and finds illustrate the process of archaeological interpretation, provide insight into past cultures, and help to show how the past influences the present. (Formerly ANT 1103. Credit cannot be earned for both ANT 3023 and ANT 1103.) Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3133. Ritual and Symbol. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. An examination of rituals—highly stereotyped, stylized, and repetitive acts usually taking place in carefully selected locations and marked by use of material items. Students will be offered a cross-cultural examination of ritual activity from various cultural regions. Attention is also given to the theoretical frames that contribute to a holistic understanding of ritual practice. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3153. Indians of the Great Plains. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. An examination of the fundamental cultural transformation and flourishing of Native American societies of the Great Plains following the introduction of the horse. Attention is also given to the subsequent retrenchment under the imposition of Anglo-American dominance, and the recent emergence of new forms of cultural expression within tribal and urban areas. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3203. Native North Americans. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Survey of Native North American cultures from ancient times to the present. Emphasis will be placed on cultural responses to colonialism and European/American intrusion as well as contemporary issues confronting native North Americans in the present day. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3223. Anthropology and the Environment. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Human adaptation to the environment and interaction with it, comparing simple and complex societies in various environmental contexts. (Formerly titled "Cultural Ecology") Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3233. Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course will critically examine pseudoscience, cult archaeology, and creationism from a scientific perspective. The careful assessment of particular case studies will demonstrate how a strong adherence to professional archaeological methods can uncover facts about the past that are as interesting as myth. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3253. Archaeology of South America. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2043 recommended. The origins and development of the native cultures of South America, and their relationships to the cultural areas of Central America and the Caribbean. Emphasis on the variety of cultural forms and cultural evolution. The roles of demography, subsistence systems, militarism, religion, and other factors in the rise of South American cultures may be discussed. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3263. Archaeology of North America. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2043 recommended. Survey of prehistoric cultures in North America from earliest times to historic contact. May include discussion of Ice Age mammoth hunters, Eastern mound-building cultures, Southwestern pueblo cultures, and Plains bison hunters. Chronology, sites, settlement and subsistence patterns, and recent research issues may be considered. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3273. Civilizations of Mexico. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2043 recommended. Examination of the development of the ancient civilizations of Mexico and Central America: Olmec, Teotihuacan, Toltec, Aztec, and Zapotec, among others. Insights will be drawn from archaeological data, art, hieroglyphic writing, ethnohistoric accounts, and Colonial Period documents. (Formerly titled "Ancient Civilizations of Mesoamerica") Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3293. Research Methods in Archaeology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2043 or ANT 2053 recommended. Focuses on the study, analysis and interpretation of material cultural in archaeological research. Provides hands-on experience using methods and techniques that archaeologists use to study ceramics, lithics, and other types of artifacts and ecofacts. It also provides an overview of data analysis and archaeological report preparation. (Formerly titled "Analytical Methods in Anthropology") Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3303. Nature and Culture in Greater Amazonia. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. This course examines the historical and contemporary situations of the indigenous peoples of lowland South America, focusing specifically on the Amazon Basin. Consideration will be given to classical ethnographic monographs as well as accounts of the political and ecological challenges that currently face the inhabitants of Greater Amazonia. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3313. Curing and Killing: The Anthropology of Shamanism. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

In this course, we will analyze the practice of shamanism globally with a specific focus on Amazonia. Class materials will include ethnographic case studies, focused articles, and documentary films. The course will examine how peoples in shamanic cultures conceptualize and experience illness, how they diagnose the ailments that afflict them, and how they use shamanic curing to return to a state of health. We will also discuss the psychopharmacology of plants used in shamanism, the roles of shamans in political movements, and how contemporary non-indigenous people in North America and Europe have incorporated shamanic practices, instruments, and hallucinogens into their spiritual traditions. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3333. Human Adaptability. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2033 recommended. Examines the biological variability of living populations; includes genetics, anatomy, demography, and change within a physical anthropology framework. (Formerly titled "Physical Anthropology of Human Populations") Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3343. Pacific Island Societies and Cultures. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. This course examines the geography, prehistory, colonial contact and contemporary society in the Pacific Islands. Drawing on case studies from Hawaii to Papua New Guinea, emphasis is placed on ethnography and the contribution of the area to anthropological thought. (Formerly The Contemporary Pacific.) Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3383. Folklore and Folklife. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Examines vernacular arts, crafts, and customs and their function in the maintenance of group identity. National, regional, ethnic, and occupational traditions are investigated. Attention is given to texts such as legends, myths, and ballads, as well as folk performance, clothing, architecture, and foodways. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3393. Anthropology of Frontiers and Borderlands. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course asks the questions: what are frontiers and borderlands? How do they matter in our understanding of belonging and being human across time and space? We will use ethnographic and/or archaeological texts to consider how geopolitical, linguistic, and other cultural frontiers and borderlands shape what it means to belong and to be human. This course may be repeated for credit if taught by a different instructor. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3403. Field Course in Archaeology. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Offers the opportunity to gain intensive training in archaeological field methods: excavation, site survey, mapping, sampling, and interpretation. Additional fees are required. May be repeated for credit with advisor's permission, but not more than 6 semester credit hours may be applied to a major in Anthropology. Generally offered: Summer. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3406. Field Course in Archaeology. (0-0) 6 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Offers the opportunity to gain intensive training in archaeological field methods: excavation, site survey, mapping, sampling, and interpretation. Additional fees are required. May be repeated for credit with advisor's permission, but not more than 6 semester credit hours may be applied to a major in Anthropology. Generally offered: Summer. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $24.

ANT 3413. The Ethnographic Experience. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Drawing upon the ethnographic experiences of current and historical anthropologists, this course explores field research in cultural anthropology. Ethnographic methods and techniques are discussed, with emphasis on theoretical and ethical considerations. Students may engage in short-term ethnographic projects. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3453. Public Archaeology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2043. Most archaeologists do not work in universities—they work in government agencies, private firms, NGOs, and museums. This course prepares students for careers in archaeology by discussing these different career paths. It provides concrete skills such as research design, fieldwork planning, budgeting, report writing, public outreach, community engagement, and/or economic impact assessment. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3503. Human Origins. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2033 recommended. The fossil record of human emergence and comparative studies of human evolution. Evolution of social organization, technology, and language development to the end of the Ice Age. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3513. The Human Skeleton. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2033 recommended. Students are given the opportunity to develop skills in the study and analysis of human osteological remains. Applications of skeletal analysis in a variety of fields are considered, including physical anthropology and archaeological demography. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3523. Medical Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013, ANT 2033, or ANT 2053 recommended. This course explores primary concepts and research questions in medical anthropology by looking at how humans experience and understand health, illness, and healing. Theoretical and methodological approaches will be considered using case studies, with an emphasis on the potential that medical anthropologists have to improve health and wellbeing. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3543. Museum Studies in Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013, ANT 2043, or ANT 2053 recommended. By studying the nature and functioning of museums, past and present, this course will explore major controversies and debates about the politics of memory and visual display. Particular emphasis will be placed upon the role of anthropologists and archaeologists in museum contexts. Methodologically, the course will provide an overview of techniques used in exhibition planning and design as well as in collections management. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3563. Anthropology of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2053 recommended. This course examines the concepts of health and healing across cultures with an emphasis on non-biomedical healing systems. It explores historical and ethnographic case studies of afflictions and the cross-cultural, non-conventional modalities for treatment and healing. Additionally the course surveys the cultural strategies and complexities of the role of the healer in various cultures. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3603. Sex, Gender, and Culture. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2033 recommended. Examination of the biological and cultural sources of differences between men and women. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3656. Field Course in Anthropology. (0-0) 6 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Offers the opportunity to gain intensive training in anthropological field methods in cultural and/or biological anthropology. Additional fees are required. May be repeated for credit with advisor's permission, but not more than 6 semester credit hours may be applied to a major in anthropology. Generally offered: Summer. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $24.

ANT 3663. Hunters and Gatherers - Past and Present. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2043 recommended. Hunter-gatherer societies are frequently referred to in discussions of what it means to be human. Their knowledge of the environment and capacity for sharing have long captured our imagination. This course examines the lifeways of hunters and gatherers from around the world in both ethnographic and archaeological contexts. It considers examples of societies from the Arctic to Tropical Rainforests and explores such research topics as hunter-gatherer sharing, mobility, subsistence, and warfare among others. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3713. Anthropology of Material Culture. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2043 or ANT 2053 recommended. This course surveys the role of material culture in human social systems of the past and present. Archaeological, historical, and ethnographic case studies are used to illustrate how the material world is variously woven into the fabric of culture. (Formerly titled "Material Culture Systems") Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3733. Political and Legal Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Comparative political and legal systems; forms of authority, legitimacy, and power. Major trends in anthropological thought are explored with emphasis on the political uses of myth, symbol, and ritual. Law and judicial processes are examined in Western and non-Western societies. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3803. Media, Power, and Public Culture. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Film and media images facilitate the production, consumption, and circulation of ideas and practices in the United States and cross-culturally. The course traces the history and meaning of various communication technologies and their impact on culture. It will examine print, film, television, new digital media and the Internet, asking how these are used to create and perpetuate dominant cultural forms as well as how these are appropriated and used by people on the margins as critique and resistance. In an increasingly media-dominated world—mass advertising, indigenous film as political resistance, politics as media campaigns, DVD productions by gangs and terrorist organizations—understanding the relationship between media and culture is a critical dimension of the professional knowledge of our future. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3823. Applied Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Applied anthropology uses anthropological theories and methods to help solve real-world problems. Through case studies, this course will explore how, where and why applied anthropology is conducted in each subfield of the discipline. Course materials and assignments will help students identify and develop anthropological skills and experiences relevant to their career aspirations. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3843. Primates of the World. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course offers a broad survey of the social behavior and ecology of the living primates. It begins with a survey of primate taxonomy, drawing distinctions among prosimians, monkeys, and apes. The course concludes with consideration of what the study of nonhuman primates can tell us about human evolution. (Formerly Introduction to Primate Diversity.) Course Fees: DL01 $75; LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3853. Modern Ape Behavior, Ecology, and Cognition. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Modern apes show considerable diversity in their behavioral and morphological adaptations. This course focuses on the major theoretical approaches to understanding the biological variation within this primate group. The question of whether great apes exhibit culture is also discussed. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3863. The Evolution of Human Nature. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

A central concept in the evolution of human behavior is the idea that our brains, like our bodies, have been shaped by natural selection. The extent to which this factor influences the diverse behavior of modern humans is a topic of considerable debate. This course takes a critical look at different attempts to explain human behavior based on adaptive design. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3873. Food, Culture, and Society. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course explores the relationship between food and culture in diverse societies by examining food, food practices, and production, as well as the meanings associated with food. Topics include issues of identity, class, food habits, global food systems, and world hunger. Generally offered: Summer. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3883. Death and Dying. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013, ANT 2043, or ANT 2053 recommended. Cross-cultural approaches to death, dying, and bereavement with a focus on either contemporary or prehistoric cultures depending on instructor’s emphasis. When exploring contemporary cultures, attention will be given to the emotional, social and ethical issues of dying, and the social organization of death and dying. When exploring prehistoric groups, attention will be given to conceptualizing death through diverse funerary practices, body treatment of the deceased, and religious principles involved with death. In both cases, the course seeks to provide a comparative understanding of death and its wider social implications. May be repeated once with advisor’s approval when topic varies. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3893. Primate Behavior and Ecology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Nonhuman primates in their natural habitats, including biogeography, feeding and ranging behavior, structure and social organization of groups in relation to environment, and primates as members of communities. (Formerly Primate Ecology.) Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3903. Introduction to Linguistics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Basic principles of analysis and description of the structure of language, including sound system, word order, and meaning. Also, overview of selected subfields of linguistics, such as historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, language acquisition, and bilingualism. (Same as ENG 3343 and LNG 3813. Credit cannot be earned for ANT 3903 and ENG 3343 or LNG 3813.) Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3933. Anthropology of Superheroes. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course will examine the world of superheroes as both an imagined universe and a fan culture. Superheroes are not simply characters in illustrated books, but reflections of our own ideas about what it does and does not mean to be human, offering dystopic/utopic reflections of our own reality and imagined future. Ultimately, our goal is to discover what an anthropology of superheroes potentially can be. The course will delve into classic anthropological concepts including: Gender, Ethnicity, Nature vs. Culture, Utopia/Dystopia, media studies, ritual, creativity, etc. while considering comic and real world superheroes. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 3963. The Evolution of Sex. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2033 recommended. Why is there sex? This course explores the evolution of sexual reproduction as an alternative to asexual cloning that is found in most organisms. We will explore why sexual reproduction evolved, its costs and benefits, and the diversity of sexual strategies across all kingdoms of life. It concludes by examining the sexual behavior of humans and our closest primate relatives. Topics will include sexual selection, mating systems, same-sex behavior, and the evolution of monogamy. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4013. Maya Civilization. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2043 recommended. Examination of the development of Maya civilization in Mexico and Central America. Insights will be drawn from archaeological data, art, hieroglyphic writing, ethnohistoric accounts, and Colonial Period documents. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4023. Histories of Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2033, ANT 2043, ANT 2053, or ANT 2063 recommended. This course examines the history of anthropology as a distinct field, including considerations of historical figures, institutions and relationships among subfields. Emphasis will be placed on changes in theoretical and methodological orientations as they emerge in specific historical contexts. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4113. Archaeology of Texas. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2043 or ANT 3263 recommended. Detailed review of prehistoric and historic aboriginal cultures of Texas and adjacent areas; current trends in Texas archaeology; examination of artifacts; and field trips to local prehistoric sites. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4123. Archaeology of the American Southwest. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2043 or ANT 3263 recommended. Consideration of the prehistoric cultures in the American Southwest and northern Mexico from the earliest occupations to European contact. Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Mogollon, Anasazi, and Hohokam occupations are reviewed with a consideration of recent research directions and theory. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4213. Witchcraft and Magic: Anthropological Perspectives. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces the historical and contemporary treatment of witchcraft and magic from a socio-cultural perspective. It draws on anthropological models which are applied to Western European, African, Pacific, and other cultural areas to amplify the adaptive, rational, and political contexts for why and how witchcraft and magic exist. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4233. Primate Conservation. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2033 or ANT 3843 recommended. Analysis of the conservation status of the world’s nonhuman primates, and the specific threats to their survival. Includes examination of issues relating to the anthropology of conservation, such as human-nonhuman primate resource competition, anthropogenic habitat alteration related to land use and development, and efforts to achieve community-based conservation. (Formerly Conservation of Primates in Global perspective.) Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4243. Ethnographic Film. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. Critique of major ethnographic films, concentrating on field methodology, production values, and the issue of representation. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4273. The Anthropology of Oil. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 1013 or ANT 2053 recommended. This course explores the social, cultural, and political-economic significance of oil, the most important industrial commodity of the world. Case studies will be drawn from books, articles, and films that describe the importance of oil at the level of its production, distribution, and consumption in the United States and around the world. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4303. Water, Sustainability, and Health. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Drawing on environmental and medical anthropology, this course explores how anthropologists study issues related to water, sustainability, and health and how these are shaped by political, economic, and ecologic factors over time. This course introduces students to several of the key theoretical frameworks through which anthropologists examine struggles around water and the human consequences of water scarcity. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4333. Ecology and Evolution of Human Diseases. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2033 recommended. Ecological, evolutionary, and biocultural aspects of human disease. Topics include the ecology of infectious/parasitic disease pathogens and their human hosts, the evolution of human host-pathogen interactions, the impact of cultural and demographic change in human populations, and the effects of global environmental change on human disease patterns. Generally offered: Spring. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4363. Primate Evolutionary Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2033 recommended. This course evaluates the evolutionary history of the nonhuman primates. Examination will include information gained from fossil and genetic data as well as from modern phylogenetic methods. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4413. Genes, Health, and Ancestry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ANT 2033 recommended. What's in your genes? Consumer genomics and DNA testing have made genetic data cheap and largely available to everyone. But how accurate are those results? And what can DNA really tell us about our ancestry and our health? This course is a journey into the promises, pitfalls and limitations of genetics in understanding human diversity, ancestry and health. It explores how technological advancements have improved our understanding of human evolution and adaptation, and have also led to new concerns about personal privacy and bioethics. We will explore the potential and misapplications of genetic testing and gene editing and we will discuss the role of science in society. (Formerly Genes and Human Diversity.) Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4911. Independent Study. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours of independent study, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $6.

ANT 4913. Independent Study. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours of independent study, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4933. Internship in Anthropology. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of internship coordinator. Supervised experience relevant to anthropology within selected community organizations. A maximum of 6 semester credit hours may be earned through Internship in Anthropology. Must be taken on a credit/no-credit basis. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4936. Internship in Anthropology. (0-0) 6 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of internship coordinator. Supervised experience relevant to anthropology within selected community organizations. A maximum of 6 semester credit hours may be earned through Internship in Anthropology. Must be taken on a credit/no-credit basis. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $36.

ANT 4953. Special Studies in Anthropology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4983. Anthropology Honors Research. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Enrollment limited to candidates for Department Honors with approval of the Department faculty. Supervised individual research and preparation of a major paper in support of Department Honors. May be repeated once with advisor’s approval. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.

ANT 4993. Honors Thesis. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Enrollment limited to candidates for University Honors in Anthropology and consent of the Honors College. Supervised research and preparation of an honors thesis. May be repeated once with advisor’s approval. Course Fees: LRLF $10; STLF $18.