Environmental Science

The Environmental Science Academic Programs offer a Bachelor of Science degree in Environmental Science. This degree aims to provide students  with both basic and advanced training in the field of Environmental Science.

Bachelor of Science Degree in Environmental Science

The Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Environmental Science aims to provide students in the program with both basic and advanced training in the field of Environmental Science. Students will develop skills in how to monitor environmental conditions as well as analyze environmental problems. The main areas of study will include conservation and restoration ecology, environmental management, or natural resources and wildlife management. Today’s environmental problems call for scientists who are educated in more than one discipline, highly trained in technical skills, and aware of the political and social dimensions of environmental problems and how to make decisions with regard to these situations. Coursework includes a variety of interdisciplinary topics ranging from fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, environmental systems, soil, water,  global change, environmental law, and environmental assessment. Students will gain hands-on experience with many of the instrumental techniques used in environmental analysis and have the opportunity to engage in teamwork for field studies, excursions and laboratory studies. There is a strong emphasis on producing graduates with well-developed oral and written communication skills who are capable of complex problem solving.

The minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree, including the Core Curriculum requirements, is 120, at least 39 of which must be at the upper-division level.

All major and support work courses must be completed with a grade of “C-“ or better.

All candidates seeking this degree must fulfill the Core Curriculum requirements and the degree requirements, which are listed below.

Core Curriculum Requirements (42 semester credit hours)

Students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree in Environmental Science must fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements in the same manner as other students. If courses are taken to satisfy both degree requirements and Core Curriculum requirements, then students may need to take additional courses in order to meet the minimum number of semester credit hours required for this degree.

For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements.

Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements

First Year Experience Requirement (3 semester credit hours)

All students must complete the following course, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AIS 1203Academic Inquiry and Scholarship3

Communication (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

WRC 1013Freshman Composition I (Q)3
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II (Q)3

Mathematics (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

MAT 1023College Algebra with Applications3
MAT 1033Algebra with Calculus for Business3
MAT 1043Introduction to Mathematics3
MAT 1073Algebra for Scientists and Engineers3
MAT 1093Precalculus3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
MAT 1214Calculus I4
STA 1053Basic Statistics3

Life and Physical Sciences (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

ANT 2033Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
AST 1013Introduction to Astronomy3
AST 1033Exploration of the Solar System3
BIO 1233Contemporary Biology I3
BIO 1243Contemporary Biology II3
BIO 1404Biosciences I4
BIO 1414Biosciences II4
ES 1113Environmental Botany3
ES 1123Environmental Zoology3
ES 1213Environmental Geology3
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I3
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II3
GEO 1013The Third Planet3
GEO 1123Life Through Time3
GRG 2613Physical Geography3
PHY 1013Universes3
PHY 1943Physics for Scientists and Engineers I3
PHY 1963Physics for Scientists and Engineers II3

Language, Philosophy and Culture (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AAS 2013Introduction to African American Studies3
AAS 2113African American Culture, Leadership and Social Issues3
ANT 2063Language, Thought, and Culture3
ARA 1014Elementary Arabic I4
ARC 1113Introduction to the Built Environment3
ARC 1413Architecture and Culture3
CHN 1014Elementary Chinese I4
CLA 2013Introduction to Ancient Greece3
CLA 2023Introduction to Ancient Rome3
CLA 2323Classical Mythology3
CSH 1103Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture I3
CSH 1113Literary Masterpieces of Western Culture II3
CSH 1213Topics in World Cultures3
CSH 2113The Foreign Film3
ENG 2013Introduction to Literature3
ENG 2213Literary Criticism and Analysis3
ENG 2383Multiethnic Literatures of the United States3
ENG 2423Literature of Texas and the Southwest3
FRN 1014Elementary French I4
FRN 2333French Literature in English Translation3
GER 1014Elementary German I4
GER 2333German Literature in English Translation3
GLA 1013U.S. in the Global Arena3
GRG 1023World Regional Geography3
GRK 1114Introductory Classical Greek I4
HIS 2123Introduction to World Civilization to the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2133Introduction to World Civilization since the Fifteenth Century3
HIS 2533Introduction to Latin American Civilization3
HIS 2543Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
HIS 2553Introduction to East Asian Civilization3
HIS 2573Introduction to African Civilization3
HIS 2583Introduction to South Asian Civilization3
HUM 2093World Religions3
ITL 1014Elementary Italian I4
ITL 2333Italian Literature in English Translation3
JPN 1014Elementary Japanese I4
LAT 1114Introductory Latin I4
MAS 2013Introduction to Chicano(a) Studies3
PHI 1043Critical Thinking3
PHI 2023Introduction to Ancient Philosophy3
PHI 2033Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy3
PHI 2123Contemporary Moral Issues3
RUS 1014Elementary Russian I4
RUS 2333Russian Literature in English Translation3
SPN 1014Elementary Spanish I4
SPN 2333Hispanic Literature in English Translation3
WS 2013Introduction to Women’s Studies3
WS 2023Introduction to LGBTQ Studies3

Creative Arts (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AHC 1113Survey of Art and Architecture from Prehistoric Times to 13503
AHC 1123Survey of Art and Architecture in Europe and the New World from 1350 to 17503
AHC 1133Survey of Modern Art3
ARC 1214Design I4
ARC 1513Great Buildings and Cities of the World3
ART 1103Introduction to Visual Arts3
ART 1143Art for Non-Art Majors3
CLA 2033Introduction to Classical Literature3
DAN 2003Introduction to Dance3
ENG 1113Introduction to Creative Literary Arts3
HUM 2023Introduction to the Humanities I3
HUM 2033Introduction to the Humanities II3
HUM 2053History of Film3
MAS 2023Latino Cultural Expressions3
MUS 2243World Music in Society3
MUS 2623Fundamentals of Music for the Non-Music Major3
MUS 2633American Roots Music3
MUS 2663History and Styles of Jazz3
MUS 2673History and Styles of Rock3
MUS 2683Masterpieces of Music3
MUS 2693The Music of Latin America and the Caribbean3
MUS 2743Music and Film3
PHI 2073Philosophy of Art3

American History (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

HIS 1043United States History: Pre-Columbus to Civil War Era3
HIS 1053United States History: Civil War Era to Present3
HIS 2053Texas History3

Government-Political Science (6 semester credit hours)

Students must complete two of the following courses, for a total of 6 semester credit hours:

POL 1013Introduction to American Politics3
and one of the following two courses:
POL 1133Texas Politics and Society3
POL 1213Civil Rights in Texas and America3

Social and Behavioral Sciences (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete one of the following courses, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

AMS 2043Approaches to American Culture3
ANT 1013Introduction to Anthropology3
ANT 2043Introduction to Archaeology3
ANT 2053Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
BBL 2003Language, Culture, and Society3
BBL 2243Globalizing the Local: Bilingual Families, Communities, and Schools3
BIO 1033Drugs and Society3
CRJ 1113The American Criminal Justice System3
ECO 2003Economic Principles and Issues3
ECO 2013Introductory Macroeconomics3
ECO 2023Introductory Microeconomics3
EGR 1343The Impact of Modern Technologies on Society3
GRG 1013Fundamentals of Geography3
GRG 2623Human Geography3
HTH 2413Introduction to Community and Public Health3
HTH 2513Personal Health3
IDS 2113Society and Social Issues3
PSY 1013Introduction to Psychology3
SOC 1013Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 2013Social Problems3
SOC 2023Social Context of Drug Use3

Component Area Option (CAO) (3 semester credit hours)

Students must complete either one of the following courses or any additional core curriculum course not previously used to satisfy a core competent area requirement, for a total of 3 semester credit hours:

COM 2113Public Speaking3
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
EGR 1403Technical Communication3
ENG 2413Technical Writing3
PAD 1113Public Administration in American Society3
PHI 2043Introductory Logic3
Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements
First Year Experience Requirement 3
Communication 6
Mathematics 3
Life and Physical Sciences 6
Language, Philosophy and Culture 3
Creative Arts 3
American History 6
Government-Political Science 6
Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Component Area Option 3
Total Credit Hours 42

Gateway Courses

Students pursuing the Bachelor of Science degree in Environmental Science must successfully complete each of the following Gateway Courses with a grade of “C-” or better in no more than two attempts. A student who is unable to successfully complete these courses within two attempts, including dropping a course with a grade of “W” or taking an equivalent course at another institution, will be required to change his or her major.

CHE 1103General Chemistry I
CHE 1113General Chemistry II
CHE 2603Organic Chemistry I

Degree Requirements

A. Required environmental science courses must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better
ES 1113
ES 1111
Environmental Botany
and Environmental Botany Laboratory
4
ES 1123
ES 1121
Environmental Zoology
and Environmental Zoology Laboratory
4
ES 1213
ES 1211
Environmental Geology
and Environmental Geology Laboratory
4
ES 1314Environmental Statistics4
ES 2013
ES 2021
Introduction to Environmental Science I
and Introduction to Environmental Science I Laboratory
4
ES 2023
ES 2031
Introduction to Environmental Science II
and Introduction to Environmental Science II Laboratory
4
ES 3033
ES 3042
Environmental Ecology
and Environmental Ecology Laboratory
5
ES 3123
ES 3121
Introduction to Soils
and Introduction to Soils Laboratory
4
ES 3143
ES 3141
Watershed Processes
and Watershed Processes Laboratory
4
ES 3203Environmental Law3
ES 4103Global Change3
ES 4203Environmental Assessment3
ES 4211Senior Seminar1
ES 4253Sources, Fate, and Transport of Chemicals in the Environment3
B. Required support science courses must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better:
CHE 1103
CHE 1121
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHE 1113
CHE 1131
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHE 2603
CHE 2612
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
5
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization3
GEO 2113Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)3
or ES 2113 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences3
C. Area of Study courses. Upper-division environmental science courses completed with a grade of “C-” or better:15
15 semester credit hours of additional upper-division level environmental science courses are required. While the degree is a general degree in environmental science, three areas of study have been identified within the B.S. degree program for students interested in conservation and restoration ecology, environmental management, or natural resources and wildlife management. Depending on their area of interest, students must select courses from the following areas of study.
Conservation and Restoration Ecology
Required courses:
Conservation Biology
Restoration Ecology
Select three courses from the following:
Environmental Remediation
Environmental Microbiology
Environmental Chemistry
Ornithology
Mammalogy
Entomology
Herpetology
Biology of Flowering Plants
Woody Plants
Field Biology
Desert Biology
Natural Resource Policy and Administration
Environmental Geomorphology
Introduction to Sustainability
Renewable Energy
Environmental Toxicology
Wildlife Management
Independent Study
Special Studies in Environmental Science
Environmental Management
Required courses:
Environmental Remediation
Environmental Microbiology
Environmental Toxicology
Select two courses from the following:
Environmental Chemistry
Introduction to Sustainability
Renewable Energy
Waste Water Treatment
Wildlife Management
Independent Study
Special Studies in Environmental Science
Natural Resources and Wildlife Management
Required courses:
Natural Resource Policy and Administration
Wildlife Management
Select three courses from the following:
Environmental Remediation
Environmental Microbiology
Environmental Chemistry
Ornithology
Mammalogy
Entomology
Herpetology
Biology of Flowering Plants
Woody Plants
Field Biology
Desert Biology
Environmental Geomorphology
Introduction to Sustainability
Renewable Energy
Waste Water Treatment
Environmental Toxicology
Conservation Biology
Restoration Ecology
Independent Study
Special Studies in Environmental Science
Total Credit Hours87

Course Sequence Guide for B.S. Degree in Environmental Science

This course sequence guide is designed to assist students in completing their UTSA undergraduate Environmental Science degree requirements. This is merely a guide and students must satisfy other requirements of this catalog and meet with their academic advisor for individualized degree plans. Progress within this guide depends upon such factors as course availability, individual student academic preparation, student time management, work obligations, and individual financial considerations. Students may choose to take courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters.

B.S. in Environmental Science – Recommended Four-Year Academic Plan

First Year
FallCredit Hours
ES 1123Environmental Zoology (core and major) 3
ES 1121Environmental Zoology Laboratory (major) 1
AIS 1203Academic Inquiry and Scholarship (core) 3
WRC 1013Freshman Composition I (Q) (core) 3
MAT 1193Calculus for the Biosciences (core and major) 3
Creative Arts core 3
Spring
ES 1113Environmental Botany (core and major) 3
ES 1111Environmental Botany Laboratory (major) 1
CHE 1103General Chemistry I (support work) 3
CHE 1121General Chemistry I Laboratory (support work) 1
WRC 1023Freshman Composition II (Q) (core) 3
POL 1013Introduction to American Politics (core) 3
Second Year
Fall
ES 2013Introduction to Environmental Science I (major) 3
ES 2021Introduction to Environmental Science I Laboratory (major) 1
ES 1314Environmental Statistics (major) 4
CHE 1113General Chemistry II (support work) 13
CHE 1131General Chemistry II Laboratory (support work) 1
American History core 3
Spring
ES 2023Introduction to Environmental Science II (major) 3
ES 2031Introduction to Environmental Science II Laboratory (major) 1
ES 1213Environmental Geology (major) 3
ES 1211Environmental Geology Laboratory (major) 1
CHE 2603Organic Chemistry I (support work) 13
CHE 2612Organic Chemistry I Laboratory (support work) 2
Third Year
Fall
ES 3123Introduction to Soils (major) 3
ES 3121Introduction to Soils Laboratory (major) 1
ES 3033Environmental Ecology (major) 3
ES 3042Environmental Ecology Laboratory (major) 2
CS 1173Data Analysis and Visualization (support work) 3
Government-Political Science core 3
Spring
ES 3143Watershed Processes (major) 3
ES 3141Watershed Processes Laboratory (major) 1
ES 3203Environmental Law (major) 3
ES 4253Sources, Fate, and Transport of Chemicals in the Environment (major) 3
American History core 3
Social and Behavioral Sciences core 3
Fourth Year
Fall
ES 4103Global Change (major) 3
ES 2113Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (major) 3
ES Area of Study Required Course (major) 3
ES Area of Study Elective (major) 3
Language, Philosophy, & Culture core 3
Spring
ES 4203Environmental Assessment (major) 3
ES 4211Senior Seminar (major) 1
ES Area of Study Required Course (major) 3
ES Elective (major) 3
ES Elective (major) 23
Component Area Option core 3
 Total Credit Hours: 120.0
1

These laboratory courses include a lecture component as indicated on the University Schedule of Classes. (Note: The prerequisite for CHE 1131 General Chemistry II Laboratory is CHE 1121 General Chemistry I Laboratory.)

2

For Environmental Management, this is the third required course.

Note: Some courses are only offered once a year; Fall or Spring. Check with the Department of Biology for scheduling of courses.

Minor in Environmental Science

The Minor in Environmental Science is open to all majors in the University. To declare a Minor in Environmental Science or obtain advice, students should consult with an undergraduate or Environmental Science advisor. All students pursing the Minor in Environmental Science must complete 22 semester credit hours of Environmental Science courses including a minimum of 6 hours of upper-division courses. All coursework must be completed with a grade of "C-" or better.

A. 16 semester credit hours of required courses:16
Introduction to Environmental Science I
Introduction to Environmental Science I Laboratory
Introduction to Environmental Science II
Introduction to Environmental Science II Laboratory
Environmental Ecology
Environmental Ecology Laboratory
Environmental Law
B. 6 additional semester credit hours from the following courses:6
Introduction to Soils
Watershed Processes
Natural Resource Policy and Administration
Renewable Energy
Environmental Assessment
Conservation Biology
Restoration Ecology
Total Credit Hours22

Environmental Sciences (ES) Courses

ES 1111. Environmental Botany Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = BIOL 1111)

Laboratory studies to accompany Environmental Botany Lecture. Selected laboratories pertaining to the structure and function of plants.

ES 1113. Environmental Botany. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1311)

Study of structure and function of plant cells, tissues, and organs. Includes an evolutionary survey and life histories of the following representative groups: algae, fungi, mosses, liverworts, ferns, and seed producing organisms. Plant reproductive and functional interactions with their environment and with humans. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences.

ES 1121. Environmental Zoology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = BIOL 1113)

Laboratory studies to accompany Environmental Zoology Lecture. Selected laboratories pertaining to the taxonomy, molecular biology, and ecology of animals.

ES 1123. Environmental Zoology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1313)

Study of the principles of taxonomy, molecular biology, and ecology as they relate to animal form and function, diversity, behavior, and evolution. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences.

ES 1211. Environmental Geology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = GEOL 1105)

Laboratory studies to accompany Environmental Geology Lecture. Selected laboratories pertaining to urban and regional land use planning.

ES 1213. Environmental Geology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = GEOL 1305)

The earth as a habitat. Interrelationships between humans and the environment. Geologic factors in urban and regional land use planning. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences.

ES 1314. Environmental Statistics. (3-3) 4 Credit Hours. (TCCN = MATH 1442)

Collection, analysis, presentation and interpretation of environmental data, and probability. Analysis includes descriptive statistics, correlation and regression, confidence intervals and hypothesis testing. Use of appropriate technology, including statistical software.

ES 2013. Introduction to Environmental Science I. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = ENVR 1301)

An introduction to the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies needed to understand the interactions of the biotic component of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems within the biotic component of natural word, risk assessment of these environmental problems, and to examine alternate solutions. General attention is given to the biotic concepts of growth, processes, and changes occurring in ecosystems and social structures. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

ES 2021. Introduction to Environmental Science I Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Concurrent enrollment in ES 2013 is recommended. Qualitative and quantitative methods in the study of biotic environmental systems. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

ES 2023. Introduction to Environmental Science II. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = ENVR 1302)

An introduction to the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies needed to understand the interactions of the abiotic component of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems within the abiotic component of the natural world, risk assessment of these environmental problems, and to promote environmental sustainability. General attention is given to the abiotic environmental factors including natural hazards, pollution processes, energy resources, sustainability, and changes occurring in ecosystems. May apply toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

ES 2031. Introduction to Environmental Science II Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Concurrent enrollment in ES 2023 is recommended. Qualitative and quantitative methods in the study of abiotic environmental systems. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

ES 2113. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). (2-2) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: CS 1173. This course will serve as a basic introduction to the concepts and techniques of utilizing a Geographic Information System (GIS) to study and model environmental issues. In lecture and laboratory, students will study methods of querying, analyzing, creating and displaying GIS data utilizing industry standard software. Students will also be introduced to using the Global Positioning System (GPS) as a means for creating GIS data. (Same as GEO 2113. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 2113 and GEO 2113).

ES 3033. Environmental Ecology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013 and ES 2023, or equivalents. Examination of the interactions of biotic and abiotic systems, including interactions of plants, animals, and the environment. (Formerly ES 3034. Credit cannot be earned for more than one of the following: ES 3033, ES 3034 or BIO 3283.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

ES 3042. Environmental Ecology Laboratory. (0-6) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013, ES 2021, ES 2023, and ES 2031, or equivalents. Concurrent enrollment in ES 3033 is recommended. A field-oriented course emphasizing modern ecological techniques, including examinations of plant and animal populations and measurement of selected chemical and physical parameters. (Credit cannot be earned for both ES 3042 and BIO 3292.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

ES 3053. Environmental Remediation. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603, ES 2013, and ES 2023, or equivalents. This course will focus on the fundamentals associated with environmental remediation in relation to the overall environmental quality and protection. Topics covered include contaminant fate and transport; physical, chemical, and biological processes/characteristics of the air, soil, and water; remediation/restoration methods; environmental monitoring; environmental assessments; environmental regulations; and water/wastewater treatment. (Formerly ES 3054. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 3053 and ES 3054.) Generally offered: Spring.

ES 3061. Environmental Remediation Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603, CHE 2612, ES 2013, and ES 2023, or equivalents. Concurrent enrollment in ES 3053 is recommended. This laboratory and field-based course will provide hands-on experience in environmental remediation that will focus on regulatory aspects of assessing environmental contamination, technologies/strategies used to remediate, and current literature research investigations into remediation. Generally offered: Spring.

ES 3103. Environmental Microbiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603, ES 2013, and ES 2023, or equivalents, or consent of instructor. This course will survey environmental microbiology and will emphasize microbial interactions in terrestrial and aquatic environments as well as the fate of microbial pathogens. Topics covered include microbial environments, detection of bacteria and their activities in the environment, microbial biogeochemical cycling, bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants, and water quality. (Formerly ES 3104. Credit cannot be earned for more than one of the following: ES 3103, ES 3104 or BIO 3713.).

ES 3121. Introduction to Soils Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: ES 2013 and ES 2023, or equivalents. Laboratory exercise and field trips designed to develop student competency in soil description, analysis, and assessment.

ES 3123. Introduction to Soils. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013 and ES 2023, or equivalents. A study of soil properties and processes and relationships to land use, plant growth, environmental quality, and society.

ES 3141. Watershed Processes Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: ES 2013, ES 2023 and ES 1213, or equivalents. Laboratory exercises and field trips designed to develop an understanding of watershed processes, watershed assessment, and watershed management.

ES 3143. Watershed Processes. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013, ES 2023 and ES 1213, or equivalents. This course focuses on watershed processes, watershed assessment, and watershed management.

ES 3153. Environmental Chemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013, ES 2023, CHE 2603, or equivalents. This course explores the chemistry of the environment, the chemistry underlying environmental problems and solutions to environmental problems. Emphasis is placed on thermodynamics and kinetics of reaction cycles; sources, sinks and transport of chemical species; and quantitation of chemical species. Examples are selected from the chemistry of natural and contaminated air, water, and soil. (Same as CE 4613. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 3153 and CE 4613.).

ES 3163. Ornithology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. A course covering various aspects of the biology of birds, including anatomy, physiology, systematics, evolution, behavior, ecology, and biogeography. Field trips may be required. (Same as BIO 4063. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 3163 and BIO 4063.).

ES 3173. Mammalogy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. A course covering various aspects of the biology of mammals, including anatomy, physiology, systematics, evolution, behavior, ecology, and biogeography. Field trips may be required.

ES 3183. Entomology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. A course covering various aspects of the biology of insects, including anatomy, physiology, systematics, evolution, behavior, ecology, and biogeography. Field trips may be required.

ES 3193. Herpetology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. A course covering various aspects of the biology of amphibians and reptiles, including anatomy, physiology, systematics, evolution, behavior, ecology, and biogeography. Field trips may be required.

ES 3203. Environmental Law. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Present-day environmental enabling acts and regulations will be covered, with emphasis on federal acts, such as the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and associated regulations. Generally offered: Spring.

ES 3213. Biology of Flowering Plants. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status; a minimum of 60 semester credit hours. A study of the wildflowers of Texas emphasizing identification of the more common wildflowers, as well as family characteristics, flower anatomy, plant morphology, and plant-collecting techniques will be included. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included as part of the course. (Same as BIO 3273. Credit can only be earned for ES 3213 or BIO 3273.).

ES 3223. Woody Plants. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status; a minimum of 60 semester credit hours. A study of the woody plants emphasizing the characteristics of family, genus, and species. Includes identification of the common woody plants. Leaf, stem, and flower morphology, anatomy, and collecting techniques. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included as part of the course. (Same as BIO 3263. Credit can only be earned for ES 3223 or BIO 3263.).

ES 4003. Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603, ES 2013, and ES 2023, or equivalents. Chemical principles applied to the understanding of processes in aquatic and environmental systems. Emphasis will be on physical, chemical, and biological processes in treatment and processing of hazardous waste materials.

ES 4011. Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603, ES 2013, and ES 2023, or equivalents. Concurrent enrollment in ES 4003 is recommended. Laboratory principles applied to the understanding of processes in aquatic and environmental systems. Emphasis will be on physical, chemical, and biological processes in treatment and processing of hazardous wastes materials. Generally offered: Fall.

ES 4103. Global Change. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603, ES 2013, and ES 2023, or equivalents. Changes in the global distribution of plants and animals and the causes of the changes will be examined. Factors that are apparently coupled to changes in these distributions will be examined including, but not limited to, atmospheric composition change and temperature change. Additionally, examination of the impact of humans and their activities on the environment: their effect on aquatic, marine, and terrestrial plant, animal, and human resources. (Formerly ES 4104. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 4103 and ES 4104.) Generally offered: Fall.

ES 4111. Field Biology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in ES 4113 is recommended. A field-oriented course offering the opportunity for practical experience observing, collecting, and identifying Texas plants and animals. (Same as BIO 4241. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 4111 and BIO 4241.).

ES 4113. Field Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in ES 4111 is recommended. A study of the natural history of plants and animals in their native environment. Techniques for the identification of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and the dominant flowering plants will be discussed. (Same as BIO 4233. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 4113 and BIO 4233.).

ES 4123. Desert Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. An introduction to wildlife biology and management including ecological principles dealing with ecosystems, natural communities, and populations. The importance of animal behavior, the availability of food, cover, wildlife diseases, predators, hunting, and trapping will be included. Field studies will allow students to observe and apply classroom topics.

ES 4133. Natural Resource Policy and Administration. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3203 or equivalent. Factors in evolution of forest, range, wildlife and related natural resources administration and policies in the United States; policy components; policy formation implementation, administration and change processes; introduction to criteria for evaluating effectiveness of policies and administration.

ES 4143. Environmental Geomorphology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 1213 or consent of instructor, and junior or senior standing. Examination of landforms on the Earth’s surface and landscape-forming processes. Field trips may be required.

ES 4153. Introduction to Sustainability. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2023 and junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. This course will examine the major environmental issues and trends happening in modern society from a scientific and practical perspective, including biodiversity, population, food and water resources, climate change, energy, public health, and the overall forecast for the environment for the next several decades.

ES 4163. Renewable Energy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2023 and junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. This course is an introduction to energy systems and renewable energy resources, with a scientific examination of the energy field and an emphasis on alternate energy sources and their technology and application.

ES 4173. Waste Water Treatment. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 2023 and junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. The application of chemical, biochemical, and physical processes to water treatment, wastewater treatment, and pollution control.

ES 4183. Environmental Toxicology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2023 and CHE 2603, or equivalents. Examination of advanced or specialized hazardous or toxic waste treatment methods. Emphasis will be on physical, chemical, and biological processes in treatment and processing of hazardous wastes materials.

ES 4203. Environmental Assessment. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013 and ES 2023, or equivalents. This course evaluates the framework of an impact assessment and details regarding the environment (air, water, soil), its pollutants (atmospheric, noise, water, solid waste), their impacts (physical, social, economic), relevant regulations, and pollution minimization or management strategies. Students use this information to review and comment on an existing Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Generally offered: Spring.

ES 4211. Senior Seminar. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Senior status: Environmental Science majors and a minimum of 90 credit hours. The techniques of seminar presentation will be studied by preparing and presenting individual seminars on topics of interest. Enrollment for credit is limited to, and required of, all senior students majoring in environmental studies.

ES 4213. Conservation Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. The class topics will include studying the nature of the biosphere, threats to its integrity, and ecologically sound responses to these threats. Also included will be the origin and preservation of biotic diversity, how the rich variety of plant and animal life around us arose, how it has been maintained by natural processes, and how we can prevent its destruction. (Same as BIO 4033. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 4213 and BIO 4033.).

ES 4233. Restoration Ecology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. Applies ecological principles to the restoration of disturbed terrestrial, wetland, and aquatic ecosystems. Includes the restoration of soils and waterways, of flora and fauna, and of natural ecological processes such as plant succession and nutrient cycling.

ES 4243. Wildlife Management. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: ES 3033 or BIO 3283, or equivalents. An introduction to wildlife biology and management including ecological principles dealing with ecosystems, natural communities, and populations. The importance of animal behavior, the availability of food, cover, wildlife diseases, predators, hunting, and trapping will be included. Field studies will allow students to observe and apply classroom. (Same as BIO 4053. Credit cannot be earned for both ES 4243 and BIO 4053.).

ES 4253. Sources, Fate, and Transport of Chemicals in the Environment. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: ES 2013, ES 2023, CHE 2603, or equivalents. Sources of chemicals in the environment. Processes regulating fate and transport of metals, organics, nutrients, salts, pathogens, and radionuclides in the environment.

ES 4911. Independent Study. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) of the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

ES 4912. Independent Study. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) of the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

ES 4913. Independent Study. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: Permission in writing (form available) of the instructor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

ES 4951. Special Studies in Environmental Science. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

ES 4953. Special Studies in Environmental Science. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.