Biology (BIO)

NOTE: All prerequisites for Biology (BIO) courses must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

Biology (BIO) Courses

BIO 1033. Drugs and Society. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = PHED 1346)

An examination of licit and illicit drugs and their biosocial effects. Topics include pharmacology of alcohol, stimulants, hallucinogens, addiction, and abuse. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Social and Behavioral Sciences. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

BIO 1053. Introductory Microbiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 2320)

Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404. A general study of microorganisms, their characteristics, isolation, growth, and importance in nature, industry, public health, and human disease. (Formerly AHS 1053. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1053 and AHS 1053. BIO 1053 cannot substitute for BIO 3713.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

BIO 1061. Introductory Microbiology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = BIOL 2120)

Prerequisites: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 1053. Course provides basic microbiology lab skills and procedures, with emphasis on the growth, identification, and control of microbes of concern to health-care professionals. Immunodeficient and pregnant students must contact the Coordinator, Microbiology Teaching Labs, for additional instructions prior to the class start date. (Formerly AHS 1061. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1061 and AHS 1061. BIO 1061 cannot substitute for BIO 3722.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 1233. Contemporary Biology I. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1308)

This is the first course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for non-majors. This course focuses on the chemical basis of life, principles of inheritance, principles of evolution and biodiversity. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. May not be applied to a B.S. degree in Biology or B.S. degree in Microbiology and Immunology. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

BIO 1243. Contemporary Biology II. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1309)

This is the second course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for non-majors. This course focuses on evolution, animal and plant physiology, and ecology. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. May not be applied to a B.S. degree in Biology or the B.S. degree in Microbiology and Immunology. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 1404. Biosciences I. (3-4) 4 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1406)

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in one of the following: STA 1053, MAT 1023, MAT 1033, MAT 1073, or higher. This is the first course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for students majoring in biology or interested in pre-health professions. Topics include biochemistry, cell biology, genetics and molecular biology. The course includes 3 hours of lecture and a mandatory 3.5-hour laboratory per week. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. (Formerly BIO 1113 and BIO 1203. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1404 and BIO 1113 or BIO 1203.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 1414. Biosciences II. (3-4) 4 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1407)

Prerequisite: BIO 1404. This is the second course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for students majoring in biology or interested in pre-health professions. Topics include evolutionary biology, biotic diversity, plant structure and function, and ecology. The course includes 3 hours of lecture and a mandatory 3.5-hour laboratory per week. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in Life and Physical Sciences. (Formerly BIO 1143, BIO 1223 and BIO 1413. Credit cannot be earned for more than one of the following: BIO 1143, BIO 1223, BIO 1413, BIO 1414, or ES 2013.).

BIO 1511. Biomedical Research as a Career. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Intended for science majors of any discipline, this course is designed to introduce students to career options in the biosciences, particularly biomedical research. Students will explore the opportunities available in research and learn what they can do now to successfully launch a future career as a scientist.

BIO 1951. Special Studies in Biosciences. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

BIO 2003. Biology of Human Reproduction. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An in-depth look at human reproductive anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Topics to be considered include anatomy, sex differentiation, neuroendocrine physiology, conception and development, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. (Formerly BIO 1023. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2003 and BIO 1023.) Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 2043. Nutrition. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 1322)

Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404. In-depth study of nutrient classes in foods: their ingestion, digestion, absorption and utilization by the human body. Clinical consequences of nutrient deficiency or excess, and Medical Nutrition Therapy to complement management of disease. (Formerly AHS 2043. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2043 and AHS 2043.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2051. Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory I. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = BIOL 2101)

Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2053 is recommended. This laboratory supplements the BIO 2053 lecture. It is the first of a two-course laboratory sequence that uses both dissections of representative organisms and laboratory experimentation to study human anatomical systems and physiological processes. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2051 and BIO 2091 or BIO 2111. BIO 2051 cannot substitute for BIO 3422.).

BIO 2053. Human Anatomy and Physiology I. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 2301)

Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2051 is recommended.
 This is the first of a two-course sequence that provides an integrative study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body with an emphasis on the structure/function interrelationships between organ systems. Topics covered include cell and tissue biology, the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2053 and BIO 2083 or BIO 2103. BIO 2053 cannot substitute for BIO 3413.).

BIO 2061. Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory II. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour. (TCCN = BIOL 2102)

Prerequisite: BIO 2051. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2063 is recommended. This laboratory supplements the BIO 2063 lecture. It is the second of a two-course laboratory sequence that uses both dissections of representative organisms and laboratory experimentation to study human anatomical systems and physiological processes. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2061 and BIO 2091 or BIO 2111. BIO 2061 cannot substitute for BIO 3422.).

BIO 2063. Human Anatomy and Physiology II. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 2302)

Prerequisite: BIO 2053. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2061 is recommended. This is the second of a two-course sequence that provides an integrative study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body with an emphasis on the structure/function interrelationships between organ systems. Topics covered include the endocrine, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, lymphatic/immune, renal and reproductive systems. Human growth and development will also be covered. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2063 and BIO 2083 or BIO 2103. BIO 2063 cannot substitute for BIO 3413.).

BIO 2313. Genetics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours. (TCCN = BIOL 2316)

Prerequisites: BIO 1414 and completion or concurrent enrollment in one of the following: MAT 1093 (or higher) or STA 1053. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2322 is recommended. Principles governing transmission of hereditary factors in plants and animals, with emphasis on molecular, biochemical, and population genetics. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2322. Genetics Laboratory. (1-4) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 1414 and completion or concurrent enrollment in BIO 2313, and in one of the following: MAT 1093 (or higher) or STA 1053. A practical introduction to genetic problem solving that focuses on experiments with model organisms using classic, biochemical and molecular biological techniques. This laboratory includes a lecture component. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3013. Introduction to Clinical Medicine and Pathology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1404. Introduction to concepts of human disease, diagnosis, and underlying pathology. (Formerly titled “Introductory Pathology.”).

BIO 3123. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414. A comparative analysis of developmental and adult anatomy of vertebrates (including human). Emphasis is placed on phylogenetic relationships between form, function and evolution. (Formerly BIO 2123. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2123 and BIO 3123.) Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 3213. Animal Behavior. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414 or consent of instructor. A detailed study of animal behaviors and their biological determinants. Generally offered: Fall, Summer.

BIO 3263. The Woody Plants. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours. A study of the woody plants emphasizing the characteristics of family, genus, and species. Includes identification of the common woody plants. Leaf, stem, and flower morphology, anatomy, and collecting techniques. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included as part of the course. (Same as ES 3223. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3263 and ES 3223.) Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 3273. Biology of Flowering Plants. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours. A study of the wildflowers of Texas emphasizing identification of the more common wildflowers, as well as family characteristics, flower anatomy, plant morphology, and plant-collecting techniques will be included. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included as part of the course. (Same as ES 3213. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3273 and ES 3213.) Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 3283. Principles of Ecology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3292 is recommended for biology majors. A study of the interaction of organisms with their environment, with focus on ecological principles, adaptations of organisms, environmental pollution, and principles of conservation. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3283 and ES 3033.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3292. Principles of Ecology Laboratory. (0-6) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 1414 and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3283. A field-oriented course emphasizing modern ecological techniques, including examinations of plant and animal populations and measurement of selected chemical and physical parameters. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3292 and ES 3042.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3323. Evolution. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313. A discussion of theories and possible mechanisms for evolutionary changes at various levels of organization.

BIO 3333. Plants and Society. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313. The importance of plants and plant-derived products to human health and wellbeing through the provision of food, pharmaceuticals, and other important natural products. (Formerly BIO 2343. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3333 and BIO 2343.) Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 3343. Plant Cell Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313. A comprehensive study of the molecular structures and functions of plant cells and their integration into the whole plant system. (Formerly titled “Plant Sciences.”) Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 3413. Advanced Physiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and MAT 1193. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3422 is also recommended. This course is designed to develop the skills and competencies needed by students to understand the dynamic physiological processes underlying the maintenance of homeostatic balance in animals. Topics to be covered include endocrine, neural, muscular, cardiopulmonary and renal physiology. (BIO 2103 or BIO 3153 cannot substitute for BIO 3413.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3422. Advanced Physiology Laboratory. (0-6) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Completion or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3413. Basic understanding of the physiological processes in living systems employing methods and instruments of biological research. (BIO 2111 cannot substitute for BIO 3422.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3433. Neurobiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3442 is recommended. Anatomy and physiology of nervous systems; the mechanisms of neuronal functions. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

BIO 3442. Neurobiology Laboratory. (0-6) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3433. A laboratory course emphasizing principles presented in BIO 3433. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.

BIO 3513. Biochemistry. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 2612 and CHE 3643; BIO 2313 and CHE 3673 are highly recommended. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3522 is recommended. Introduction to biochemistry: amino acids, protein structure, enzymes, lipids, metabolism, nucleic acid structure, bioenergetics, and carbohydrates. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3513 and CHE 4303.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3522. Biochemistry Laboratory. (1-4) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: CHE 2603 and CHE 2612, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3513. Basic biochemical laboratory techniques: Protein assay, centrifugation, protein purification, chromatography, electrophoresis, western blotting, and enzyme kinetics. This laboratory includes a lecture component. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3533. FAME-Biophysics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. Biophysics is an algebra-based introduction to the science of physics with an emphasis on the life sciences and the practice of medicine. Topics include mechanics, fluids, sounds, and electromagnetism and their biomedical applications.

BIO 3543. FAME-Behavioral Health. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. This course is designed to introduce students to the challenges and opportunities of treating patients with mental illness. Students will learn key ethical principles, differential diagnosis, and pharmacological and psychotherapeutic interventions for managing serious mental illnesses including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and anxiety disorders. Students will also learn how to conduct a psychiatric interview and prepare a new patient intake including patient history, mental status exam, assessment, and plan.

BIO 3553. FAME-Geriatrics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. Using interdisciplinary perspectives, students will learn about medical and psychosocial aspects of aging including physiological, societal, social, physical, and psychological changes as they relate to the aging process, geriatric health care, palliative care and end of life care. Hands-on educational experiences will involve interaction with healthy elders, clinical rotations at hospital consult services, long term care communities and hospice care. All activities will be case-based, interactive and will have an online learning component.

BIO 3563. FAME-Maternal Health/Pediatrics. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. This course is designed to provide an overview and historical perspective in the evolution of maternal health and pediatrics as fields of practice in medicine. Topics discussed will include public health and policy, representations of the field in the arts, literature and media, and the development of careers in pediatric medicine. Opportunities for interactive community and clinically based experiences will be incorporated in the coursework.

BIO 3573. FAME-Obesity/Nutrition. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. Students will explore the physiological, socio-behavioral, public health and philosophical implications of obesity and nutrition through acute and preventive medicine perspectives.

BIO 3583. FAME-Cardiovascular Disease/Diabetes. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. Students will explore the genetic, biologic, physiologic, cultural, and economic implications of cardiovascular disease through didactic sessions, group projects, self-study and direct patient contact.

BIO 3593. FAME-Cancer. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

This course is only open to students who are participating in the FAME Program. Students will explore the historical, genetic, biologic, social, ethical, legal and economic implications of cancer, its predisposing factors and treatments. This will be accomplished through readings, didactic sessions, group projects, self-study, and clinical contact with patients and cancer center health care providers.

BIO 3623. Neuropsychopharmacology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414; BIO 3433 is recommended. A study of the pharmacology of drugs that affect the function of the central nervous system. Topics include drug-receptor interactions, drugs of abuse, and drugs used to treat mental illness. Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 3663. Human Embryology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313. Development of the human embryo from fertilization to the birth of the fetus. The origin of various tissues and organs will be followed during development. Environmental and genetic factors that can alter development will be discussed. Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 3713. Microbiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2313 and BIO 3722 is recommended. A comprehensive study of microorganisms, including their composition, morphology, growth, metabolism, classification, ecology, and significance in disease. (BIO 1053 cannot substitute for BIO 3713. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3713 and ES 3103.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3722. Microbiology Laboratory. (0-6) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 1414, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3713. Basic microbiology techniques with emphasis on microscopy; cell staining and characterization; species isolation techniques; bacterial cultivation, nutrition, and physical requirements; and the physical and chemical control of microbes. Immunodeficient and pregnant students must contact the Coordinator, Microbiology Teaching Labs, for additional instructions prior to the class start date. (BIO 1061 cannot substitute for BIO 3722. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3722 and ES 3112.) Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3743. Bacteriology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 3713; BIO 3722 is recommended. A study of the phylogeny of prokaryotes; structure and function of prokaryotic cells; ecology and physiological diversity of prokaryotes; growth and control of microorganisms; genetics of bacteria and bacteriophages; bacteria as agents of disease; antibacterials and other chemotherapeutics; human applications of microbiology, microbial genomics and principles of microbial biotechnology. Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 3813. Cell Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3822 is recommended. A study of cellular molecules and metabolic processes; synthesis and regulation of macromolecules; differential gene expression; membranes and organelles; cytoskeleton; cell cycle and growth of normal and neoplastic cells. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3822. Cell Biology Laboratory. (1-4) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and either BIO 2322 or CHE 1131, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3813. A study of the microscopic, biochemical and molecular approaches used to investigate cellular structure and function, including the principles involved in the techniques, their practical application, and analysis of the data generated. This laboratory includes a lecture component. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3913. Molecular Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended. A study of nucleotides, DNA, replication, recombination, RNA, transcription, genetic code, translation, genomes, and chromosomes. Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 3933. Principles of Cancer Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414; BIO 3813 is recommended. A comprehensive study of the molecular mechanisms responsible for cellular and organismal function including: nucleic acid structure, replication, repair and recombination of DNA, transcription (RNA), RNA processing, translation (proteins), regulation of gene expression, organization of genomes and chromosomes, epigenetics, and related scientific methods and approaches.

BIO 4033. Conservation Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 3283. The class topics will include studying the nature of the biosphere, threats to its integrity, and ecologically sound responses to these threats. Also included will be the origin and preservation of biotic diversity, how the rich variety of plant and animal life around us arose, how it has been maintained by natural processes, and how we can prevent its destruction. (Same as ES 4213. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4033 and ES 4213.).

BIO 4043. Desert Biology. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. A study of the deserts of the world with an emphasis on U.S. deserts. Adaptations of plants and animals and their responses to desert conditions, as well as examinations of desert climatic patterns, geology, and natural history. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included.

BIO 4053. Wildlife Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 3283. An introduction to wildlife biology and management including ecological principles dealing with ecosystems, natural communities, and populations. The importance of animal behavior, the availability of food, cover, wildlife diseases, predators, hunting, and trapping will be included. Field studies will allow students to observe and apply classroom topics. (Same as ES 4243. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4053 and ES 4243.).

BIO 4063. Ornithology. (2-3) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1404. A course covering various aspects of the biology of birds, including anatomy, physiology, systematics, evolution, behavior, ecology, and biogeography. Field trips will be included. (Same as ES 3163. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4063 and ES 3163.) Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 4143. Developmental Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313. Overview of developmental biology focusing on the origins of classical concepts as well as modern molecular approaches. Emphasis will be placed on the mechanisms underlying developmental processes using both invertebrate and vertebrate examples. Subjects include axis formation, induction, morphogenesis, embryonic pattern formation, cell differentiation, and organogenesis. (Formerly BIO 3143. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4143 and BIO 3143.).

BIO 4233. Field Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4241 is recommended. A study of the natural history of plants and animals in their native environment. Techniques for the identification of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and the dominant flowering plants will be discussed. (Same as ES 4113. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4233 and ES 4113.).

BIO 4241. Field Biology Laboratory. (0-3) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4233 is recommended. A field-oriented course offering the opportunity for practical experience observing, collecting, and identifying Texas plants and animals. (Same as ES 4111. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4241 and ES 4111.).

BIO 4453. Endocrinology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414. Molecular, cellular and physiological effects of hormones in health and disease. Topics include molecular mechanisms of hormone action in reproductive physiology, growth and development as well as defects in hormonal regulation underlying clinically important syndromes (e.g., diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis and cancer). Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 4473. Advanced Clinical Medicine and Pathology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 3013. Advanced concepts of human disease, diagnosis, and underlying pathology. Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 4483. Medical Mycology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 3713 and BIO 3722. Comprehensive study of causative agents, pathogenesis, and treatment of human fungal diseases. Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 4583. The Computational Brain. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 3433. Principles of cellular neurophysiology and neuroanatomy are used to explore the computational operations performed by neurons and networks of neurons. Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 4643. Medicinal Plants. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended. Ethnobotanical, biochemical and pharmacological aspects of some of our most important plant-derived drugs. Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 4723. Virology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and BIO 3513. Introduction to the molecular, genetic, and biological properties of viruses. Course will cover the basic concepts of virus structure, replication, virus/host interactions, pathogenesis, and evolution. Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 4743. Immunology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and BIO 3713. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4752 is recommended. A study of the properties of antigens and antibodies and current concepts of humoral and cell-mediated immunity and the cells involved. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 4752. Immunology Laboratory. (0-6) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: BIO 3713 and BIO 3722, and completion or concurrent enrollment in BIO 4743. Laboratory applications of principles presented in BIO 4743. (Formerly BIO 4751. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4751 and BIO 4752.).

BIO 4763. Parasitology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 3713 is strongly recommended. This course is focused on eukaryotic parasites of medical or veterinary importance: their life cycles, epidemiology, control, and the diseases and pathology they cause. Evolutionary aspects of host-parasite interactions, the diversity of parasite biology, and the interrelationships between parasitology, vector biology, and public health will be emphasized. Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 4783. Microbial Genetics and Physiology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 2313 and BIO 3713. A study of the genetic, physiological and molecular processes that influence gene transfer, pathogenesis, and drug resistance related to bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

BIO 4813. Brain and Behavior. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 1414. Basic physiological functions of the brain and how they relate to behavior. Generally offered: Fall.

BIO 4823. Cognitive Neuroscience. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours; BIO 3433 (or PSY 3103) is recommended. The biological foundations of mental phenomena, including perception, attention, learning, memory, language, motor control, and executive function, as well as functional specialization, development and plasticity, through various methodologies. Generally offered: Spring.

BIO 4911. Independent Study. (0-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, an undergraduate academic advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4993, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4912. Independent Study. (0-0) 2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, an undergraduate academic advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4993, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4913. Independent Study. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, an undergraduate academic advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered. Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4993, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4923. Laboratory Research: Biology Concentrations. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Permission in writing (form available in the Biology Department Office) from the faculty mentor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College. Supervised laboratory research mentored by a faculty member engaged in active research within the student’s designated area of concentration. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4993, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 4951. Special Studies in Biology. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4952. Special Studies in Biology. (2-0) 2 Credit Hours.

An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4953. Special Studies in Biology. (3-0) 3 Credit Hours.

An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 4981. Senior Seminar in Microbiology and Immunology. (1-0) 1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Senior status, a minimum of 90 semester credit hours. This course is only open to seniors in the Microbiology and Immunology degree program. Students will learn how to interpret the scientific literature and to organize and present scientific research findings as reported in the current literature. May be repeated for credit. The grade report for the course is either “CR” (satisfactory performance) or “NC” (unsatisfactory performance).

BIO 4993. Honors Research. (0-0) 3 Credit Hours.

Enrollment limited to biology majors who are members of the Honors College or who are pursuing College of Sciences Honors, and who are in their last two semesters of study. Approval by the Honors College or College Honors Committee is required. Supervised research and preparation of an Honors Thesis. May be repeated for credit with approval, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4993, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree. Generally offered: Fall, Spring.